Introduction to the verb congratuler
Get the Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) tense conjugation of congratuler. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb congratuler is “to congratulate.” The infinitive form is pronounced as “koh-grah-tyoo-lay.”
The verb congratuler originates from the Latin word “congratulari,” meaning “to wish joy.” It entered the French language in the 16th century.
In everyday French, congratuler is most often used in its Conditionnel Présent tense to express a hypothetical or conditional congratulations.
- Si tu réussissais ton examen, je te congratulerais. (If you passed your exam, I would congratulate you.)
- Nous te congratulerions si tu venais avec nous au concert. (We would congratulate you if you came with us to the concert.)
- S’ils gagnaient le match, je les congratulerais personnellement. (If they won the game, I would personally congratulate them.)
Table of the Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of congratuler
|Je congratulerais mes amis.
|I would congratulate my friends.
|Tu congratulerais ton équipe.
|You would congratulate your team.
|Il congratulerait sa sœur.
|He would congratulate his sister.
|Elle congratulerait son collègue.
|She would congratulate her colleague.
|On congratulerait les vainqueurs.
|One would congratulate the winners.
|Nous congratulerions nos parents.
|We would congratulate our parents.
|Vous congratuleriez les mariés.
|You would congratulate the newlyweds.
|Ils congratuleraient les joueurs.
|They would congratulate the players.
|Elles congratuleraient les finalistes.
|They would congratulate the finalists.
Other Conjugations for Congratuler.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler (this article)
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb congratuler
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Congratuler – About the French Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Présent” tense, often called the present conditional tense in English, is used to express actions or events that are considered hypothetical, possible, or uncertain in the present or future. It’s the equivalent of “would” or “could” in English.
To form the Conditionnel Présent tense for regular verbs, you take the infinitive form of the verb and add the appropriate endings. For example, using the verb “parler” (to speak):
Je parlerais (I would speak)
Tu parlerais (You would speak)
Il/elle/on parlerait (He/she/one would speak)
Nous parlerions (We would speak)
Vous parleriez (You would speak)
Ils/elles parleraient (They would speak)
Note – For irregular verbs, the stem might change, so you need to memorize the conjugation.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Polite Requests
The Conditionnel Présent is often used to make polite requests or suggestions. Instead of using the imperative, which can be more direct, the conditional is softer and more courteous. For example: “Je voudrais un café, s’il vous plaît” (I would like a coffee, please).
Expressing Hypothetical Situations
It’s used to talk about hypothetical or unreal situations. For instance, “Si j’avais de l’argent, j’achèterais une nouvelle voiture” (If I had money, I would buy a new car).
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
The conditional can convey doubt or uncertainty about something in the present or future. “Il serait peut-être en retard” (He might be late).
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Conditionnel Présent is often used with the present tense to express hypothetical or conditional statements. For example, “Si tu viens demain, nous irons au cinéma” (If you come tomorrow, we will go to the movies).
The Conditionnel Présent can also be used with past tenses like the imparfait to indicate a past hypothetical action. For instance, “J’aurais aimé être là hier” (I would have liked to be there yesterday).
The Conditionnel Présent can be combined with the future tense to indicate future actions that are dependent on certain conditions. For example, “Il viendrait si tu l’invitais” (He would come if you invited him).
If you want to express a hypothetical action in the past that didn’t happen, you can use the Conditionnel Présent with the past participle to form the conditional perfect. For example, “Il aurait fini son travail s’il n’était pas tombé malade” (He would have finished his work if he hadn’t gotten sick).
The Conditionnel Présent is a versatile tense in French, allowing speakers to discuss possibilities, hypothetical scenarios, and make polite requests. It’s essential to understand its usage patterns and how it interacts with other tenses to communicate effectively in various situations.
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