Introduction to the verb débiner
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The English translation of the French verb débiner is “to speak ill of” or “to badmouth.” It is pronounced as “day-bee-nay” in the infinitive form.
Débiner comes from the Old French word “debiner,” meaning “to backbite” or “to slander.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Conditionnel Présent tense, which expresses a hypothetical or possible action in the present or future.
Three simple examples of débiner in the Conditionnel Présent tense are:
Si tu débinerais tes collègues, tu pourrais te faire renvoyer. (If you were to badmouth your colleagues, you could get fired.)
Nous le soutiendrions s’il ne débinait pas nos amis. (We would support him if he didn’t speak ill of our friends.)
Vous débineriez les nouveaux voisins si vous ne les connaissiez pas. (You would badmouth the new neighbors if you didn’t know them.)
If you were to badmouth your colleagues, you could get fired.
We would support him if he didn’t speak ill of our friends.
You would badmouth the new neighbors if you didn’t know them.
Table of the Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of débiner
||Je débinerais mes collègues.
||I would talk badly about my colleagues.
||Tu débinerais tes voisins.
||You would gossip about your neighbors.
||Il débinerait ses amis.
||He would talk trash about his friends.
||Elle débinerait tout le monde.
||She would badmouth everyone.
||On débinerait nos concurrents.
||We would badmouth our competitors.
||Nous débinerions nos ennemis.
||We would gossip about our enemies.
||Vous débineriez vos collègues.
||You would gossip about your colleagues.
||Ils débineraient leurs voisins.
||They would talk badly about their neighbors.
||Elles débineraient leurs amis.
||They would badmouth their friends.
Other Conjugations for Débiner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner (this article)
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débiner
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Débiner – About the French Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Présent” tense, often called the present conditional tense in English, is used to express actions or events that are considered hypothetical, possible, or uncertain in the present or future. It’s the equivalent of “would” or “could” in English.
To form the Conditionnel Présent tense for regular verbs, you take the infinitive form of the verb and add the appropriate endings. For example, using the verb “parler” (to speak):
Je parlerais (I would speak)
Tu parlerais (You would speak)
Il/elle/on parlerait (He/she/one would speak)
Nous parlerions (We would speak)
Vous parleriez (You would speak)
Ils/elles parleraient (They would speak)
Note – For irregular verbs, the stem might change, so you need to memorize the conjugation.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Polite Requests
The Conditionnel Présent is often used to make polite requests or suggestions. Instead of using the imperative, which can be more direct, the conditional is softer and more courteous. For example: “Je voudrais un café, s’il vous plaît” (I would like a coffee, please).
Expressing Hypothetical Situations
It’s used to talk about hypothetical or unreal situations. For instance, “Si j’avais de l’argent, j’achèterais une nouvelle voiture” (If I had money, I would buy a new car).
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
The conditional can convey doubt or uncertainty about something in the present or future. “Il serait peut-être en retard” (He might be late).
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Conditionnel Présent is often used with the present tense to express hypothetical or conditional statements. For example, “Si tu viens demain, nous irons au cinéma” (If you come tomorrow, we will go to the movies).
The Conditionnel Présent can also be used with past tenses like the imparfait to indicate a past hypothetical action. For instance, “J’aurais aimé être là hier” (I would have liked to be there yesterday).
The Conditionnel Présent can be combined with the future tense to indicate future actions that are dependent on certain conditions. For example, “Il viendrait si tu l’invitais” (He would come if you invited him).
If you want to express a hypothetical action in the past that didn’t happen, you can use the Conditionnel Présent with the past participle to form the conditional perfect. For example, “Il aurait fini son travail s’il n’était pas tombé malade” (He would have finished his work if he hadn’t gotten sick).
The Conditionnel Présent is a versatile tense in French, allowing speakers to discuss possibilities, hypothetical scenarios, and make polite requests. It’s essential to understand its usage patterns and how it interacts with other tenses to communicate effectively in various situations.
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