Introduction to the verb bâtonner
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The English translation of the French verb bâtonner is “to beat with a stick” or “to cane.” It is pronounced as bah-toh-nay.
The language origin of bâtonner comes from the noun bâton, which means “stick” or “cane” in French. The suffix -er is then added to create the verb form. It is most often used in everyday French in the L’infinitif Présent tense, which is the simple present tense in English.
Here are three simple examples of bâtonner in the L’infinitif Présent tense with their English translations:
- Je bâtonne les tapis pour les nettoyer. (I beat the carpets to clean them.)
- Les manifestants ont été bâtonnés par la police. (The protesters were beaten with batons by the police.)
- Tu ne devrais pas bâtonner ton chien, il faut le dresser avec patience. (You should not beat your dog, you need to train him patiently.)
In these examples, bâtonner is used to describe the action of beating or hitting with a stick or cane. It can also be used more figuratively to mean “to criticize harshly” or “to pressure someone.”
Table of the L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of bâtonner
|Je bâtonne le bois.
|I chop the wood.
|Tu bâtonnes les œufs.
|You whisk the eggs.
|Il bâtonne le sol.
|He beats the ground.
|Elle bâtonne la pâte.
|She kneads the dough.
|On bâtonne fort.
|We beat hard.
|Nous bâtonnons les côtes.
|We hit the ribs.
|Vous bâtonnez l’enfant.
|You spank the child.
|Ils bâtonnent la viande.
|They tenderize the meat.
|Elles bâtonnent la sauce.
|They stir the sauce.
Other Conjugations for Bâtonner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bâtonner (this article)
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Bâtonner – About the French L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense
The French “l’infinitif présent” (Infinitive Present) tense is not a true verb tense in the same way that the present, past, or future tenses are. Instead, it’s the base form of a verb, and it has several important uses and interactions with other tenses.
Forming the Infinitive Present
To form the infinitive present of a verb, you typically take the unconjugated form of the verb (the form you’d find in a French dictionary) and remove the ending. For regular verbs, you remove the -er, -ir, or -re ending, and you’re left with the infinitive. For example:
– Parler (to speak)
– Finir (to finish)
– Vendre (to sell)
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
As a Verb’s Dictionary Form
The most common use of the infinitive present is to represent a verb in its base form. It’s the form you would find in a dictionary or verb conjugation table.
After Modal Verbs
When you use modal verbs like “pouvoir” (can), “vouloir” (want), or “devoir” (must), the verb that follows is in its infinitive form. For example:
– Je veux manger. (I want to eat.)
– Il peut parler français. (He can speak French.)
As an Imperative
In informal commands, the infinitive is often used. For example:
– Ferme la porte. (Close the door.)
In Infinitive Clauses
In complex sentences, especially after certain conjunctions, the infinitive is used to express actions that are separate from the main verb. For example:
– J’ai besoin de manger avant de partir. (I need to eat before leaving.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The infinitive present can be used with the present tense to express ongoing actions or habitual actions. For example:
– J’aime manger des croissants. (I like eating croissants.)
When combined with the future tense of “aller,” the infinitive present can express future actions. For example:
– Je vais manger au restaurant demain. (I am going to eat at the restaurant tomorrow.)
The infinitive present is often used with the conditional to express actions that would happen in a hypothetical situation. For example:
– Il mangerait s’il avait faim. (He would eat if he were hungry.)
When forming compound tenses like “passé composé,” the auxiliary verb (être or avoir) is conjugated, and the main verb remains in its infinitive form. For example:
– J’ai mangé une pomme. (I ate an apple.)
– Elle est partie. (She left.)
The infinitive present can be combined with the imperfect tense to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. For example:
– Quand j’étais enfant, j’aimais jouer. (When I was a child, I liked to play.)
Subjunctive and Conditional Moods
In some complex sentences, the infinitive can be used with the subjunctive and conditional moods, especially when expressing uncertainty, possibility, or doubt.
The infinitive present in French serves as the base form of a verb and is used in various contexts, including after modal verbs, in imperative commands, in infinitive clauses, and in combination with other tenses to convey a wide range of meanings and actions. Its flexibility makes it a fundamental part of French grammar.
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