Introduction to the verb dépasser
Get the L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) tense conjugation of dépasser. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb dépasser is “to exceed” or “to surpass.” The infinitive form is pronounced as “day-pah-say.”
The word dépasser comes from the Old French word “despasser,” which means “to go beyond.” It is derived from the Latin word “dis” which means “apart” and “passer” which means “to pass.” In everyday French, dépasser is most often used to describe exceeding or going beyond something, whether it be in a physical sense or in terms of expectations or limits.
Examples of dépasser in the L’infinitif Présent tense are:
- Je dois dépasser mes limites pour réussir cette course. (I have to exceed my limits to succeed in this race.)
- Nous devons dépasser les prévisions de vente pour atteindre nos objectifs. (We have to surpass the sales forecast to reach our goals.)
- Tu ne peux pas dépasser la vitesse maximale sur cette route. (You cannot exceed the speed limit on this road.)
In these examples, dépasser is used to convey the idea of going beyond or exceeding something. It can also be used in a figurative sense, such as “dépasser ses peurs” (to overcome one’s fears) or “dépasser ses attentes” (to exceed one’s expectations).
Table of the L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of dépasser
||Je dépasse mes limites.
||I surpass my limits.
||Tu dépasses les autres.
||You surpass others.
||Il dépasse ses peurs.
||He overcomes his fears.
||Elle dépasse ses rêves.
||She exceeds her dreams.
||On dépasse nos attentes.
||We surpass our expectations.
||Nous dépassons nos limites.
||We exceed our limits.
||Vous dépassez la vitesse limite.
||You exceed the speed limit.
||Ils dépassent le budget.
||They exceed the budget.
||Elles dépassent leurs limites.
||They exceed their limits.
Other Conjugations for Dépasser.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépasser (this article)
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Dépasser – About the French L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense
The French “l’infinitif présent” (Infinitive Present) tense is not a true verb tense in the same way that the present, past, or future tenses are. Instead, it’s the base form of a verb, and it has several important uses and interactions with other tenses.
Forming the Infinitive Present
To form the infinitive present of a verb, you typically take the unconjugated form of the verb (the form you’d find in a French dictionary) and remove the ending. For regular verbs, you remove the -er, -ir, or -re ending, and you’re left with the infinitive. For example:
– Parler (to speak)
– Finir (to finish)
– Vendre (to sell)
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
As a Verb’s Dictionary Form
The most common use of the infinitive present is to represent a verb in its base form. It’s the form you would find in a dictionary or verb conjugation table.
After Modal Verbs
When you use modal verbs like “pouvoir” (can), “vouloir” (want), or “devoir” (must), the verb that follows is in its infinitive form. For example:
– Je veux manger. (I want to eat.)
– Il peut parler français. (He can speak French.)
As an Imperative
In informal commands, the infinitive is often used. For example:
– Ferme la porte. (Close the door.)
In Infinitive Clauses
In complex sentences, especially after certain conjunctions, the infinitive is used to express actions that are separate from the main verb. For example:
– J’ai besoin de manger avant de partir. (I need to eat before leaving.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The infinitive present can be used with the present tense to express ongoing actions or habitual actions. For example:
– J’aime manger des croissants. (I like eating croissants.)
When combined with the future tense of “aller,” the infinitive present can express future actions. For example:
– Je vais manger au restaurant demain. (I am going to eat at the restaurant tomorrow.)
The infinitive present is often used with the conditional to express actions that would happen in a hypothetical situation. For example:
– Il mangerait s’il avait faim. (He would eat if he were hungry.)
When forming compound tenses like “passé composé,” the auxiliary verb (être or avoir) is conjugated, and the main verb remains in its infinitive form. For example:
– J’ai mangé une pomme. (I ate an apple.)
– Elle est partie. (She left.)
The infinitive present can be combined with the imperfect tense to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. For example:
– Quand j’étais enfant, j’aimais jouer. (When I was a child, I liked to play.)
Subjunctive and Conditional Moods
In some complex sentences, the infinitive can be used with the subjunctive and conditional moods, especially when expressing uncertainty, possibility, or doubt.
The infinitive present in French serves as the base form of a verb and is used in various contexts, including after modal verbs, in imperative commands, in infinitive clauses, and in combination with other tenses to convey a wide range of meanings and actions. Its flexibility makes it a fundamental part of French grammar.
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