Introduction to the verb diriger
Get the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) tense conjugation of diriger. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb diriger is “to direct” or “to lead”. Its infinitive form is pronounced as “dee-ree-zhay”.
Diriger is derived from the Latin word “dirigere”, which means “to direct” or “to guide”. In everyday French, it is most often used as a transitive verb, meaning that it requires a direct object. It is commonly used in business or organizational contexts to refer to directing or leading a team, project, or company.
In the Passé Antérieur tense, which is the literary past tense in French, diriger is conjugated as follows:
- J’eus dirigé (I had directed)
- Tu eus dirigé (You had directed)
- Il/elle eut dirigé (He/she had directed)
- Nous eûmes dirigé (We had directed)
- Vous eûtes dirigé (You had directed)
- Ils/elles eurent dirigé (They had directed)
Here are three simple examples of diriger in the Passé Antérieur tense with their English translations:
- J’eus dirigé cette entreprise pendant dix ans. (I had directed this company for ten years.)
- Tu eus dirigé le projet avec beaucoup d’efficacité. (You had directed the project with great efficiency.)
- Elle eut dirigé toute l’équipe vers le succès. (She had directed the entire team towards success.)
Table of the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of diriger
|I had directed
|Tu eus dirigé
|You had directed
|Il eut dirigé
|He had directed
|Elle eut dirigé
|She had directed
|On eut dirigé
|One had directed
|Nous eûmes dirigé
|We had directed
|Vous eûtes dirigé
|You had directed
|Ils eurent dirigé
|They had directed
|Elles eurent dirigé
|They had directed
Other Conjugations for Diriger.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger (this article)
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diriger
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Diriger – About the French Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense
The French Passé Antérieur tense, often referred to as the “past anterior” in English, is a literary and formal past tense that is not commonly used in everyday spoken French. It is primarily found in written language, particularly in literature, historical texts, and formal writing. This tense is used to express actions that occurred before another action in the past, serving a similar purpose to the past perfect tense (passé composé) in English.
Formation of the Passé Antérieur
The Passé Antérieur is formed by using the third person singular of the passé simple (simple past) tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb.
The choice between “avoir” and “être” as the auxiliary verb depends on the main verb and its transitivity or intransitivity. Here is the basic structure:
1. For verbs that use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’eus (I had) + past participle (of the main verb)
2. For verbs that use “être” as the auxiliary verb:
– Je fus (I was) + past participle (of the main verb)
Common Usage Patterns
As mentioned earlier, the Passé Antérieur is primarily used in formal and literary contexts. It is rarely used in everyday spoken French, where the passé composé and imparfait are more commonly used to express past actions. Some common patterns of usage include:
The Passé Antérieur is frequently used in literature to describe past events in a succinct and formal manner.
It is used in historical narratives to recount past actions and events.
In formal and academic writing, the Passé Antérieur can be employed to convey events in the past with a sense of formality and precision.
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Passé Antérieur often interacts with other tenses, especially when narrating past events in a chronological order:
Passé Composé (Present Perfect)
The Passé Antérieur can be used to indicate an action that occurred before another action expressed in the passé composé. For example: “Il eut terminé son travail avant que je ne sois arrivé.” (He had finished his work before I arrived).
The Passé Antérieur may be used in conjunction with the imparfait to convey a sequence of past actions. For instance: “Elle arriva après que nous eûmes commencé.” (She arrived after we had started).
Futur Antérieur (Future Perfect)
In the context of storytelling or narration, the Passé Antérieur can be used to describe events that happened before a future action expressed in the futur antérieur. For example: “Il partira après qu’il aura fini.” (He will leave after he has finished).
Passé Antérieur is a formal past tense used in written language and literary contexts to describe actions that occurred before another action in the past. It is not commonly used in everyday spoken French where you should instead use the passé composé and imparfait for discussing past events.
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