Introduction to the verb abhorrer
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The English translation of the French verb “abhorrer” is “to abhor” or “to detest”. The infinitive form of abhorrer is pronounced as /a.bo.ʁe/.
The word “abhorrer” originates from the Latin word “abhorrere”, which means “to be averse to” or “to shrink back from”. In everyday French, “abhorrer” is commonly used in the Passé Composé tense (Present Perfect) to express actions or feelings that were detested or abhorred in the past.
Here are three simple examples of the usage of “abhorrer” in the Passé Composé tense, along with their respective English translations:
- J’ai abhorré ce film.
(I abhorred that movie.)
- Elle a abhorré les légumes.
(She detested vegetables.)
- Nous avons abhorré cette décision.
(We abhorred that decision.)
These examples demonstrate the use of “abhorrer” in the past to express strong feelings of detestation or abhorrence towards different objects or actions.
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of abhorrer
|J’ai abhorré cette idée.
|I abhorred this idea.
|Tu as abhorré cette personne.
|You abhorred this person.
|Il a abhorré cette pratique.
|He abhorred this practice.
|Elle a abhorré cette nourriture.
|She abhorred this food.
|On a abhorré cette situation.
|We abhorred this situation.
|Nous avons abhorré cette attitude.
|We abhorred this attitude.
|Vous avez abhorré cette politique.
|You abhorred this policy.
|Ils ont abhorré cet acte.
|They abhorred this act.
|Elles ont abhorré cette habitude.
|They abhorred this habit.
Other Conjugations for Abhorrer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer (You’re reading it right now!)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Conditionnel Passé II (Conditional Past II) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
L’impératif Passé (Imperative Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
L’infinitif Passé (Infinitive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Le Participe Présent (Present Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
Le Participe Passé (Past Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abhorrer
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Abhorrer – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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