Introduction to the verb bredouiller
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The English translation of the French verb bredouiller is “to mumble” or “to stutter.” The infinitive form is pronounced “bruh-doo-yay.”
The word bredouiller comes from the Old French word “bredouilleur,” which meant “stammerer” or “mumbler.” It is derived from the verb “bredouiller,” which originally meant “to mix up” or “to confuse.”
In everyday French, bredouiller is most often used in the Passé Composé tense to describe an action that occurred in the past and has been completed. It is commonly used when talking about someone’s speech or manner of speaking in the past.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in the Passé Composé tense, with their English translations:
- Hier soir, il a bredouillé son discours devant la foule. (Last night, he mumbled his speech in front of the crowd.)
- Elle a toujours bredouillé quand elle était nerveuse. (She always stuttered when she was nervous.)
- J’ai bredouillé une excuse pour ne pas aller à la fête. (I mumbled an excuse for not going to the party.)
In all of these examples, bredouiller is used in the Passé Composé tense to describe a specific action or behavior that happened in the past and was completed. It is usually used to convey a sense of hesitation, discomfort, or nervousness in someone’s speech.
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of bredouiller
||J’ai bredouillé ma réponse.
||I mumbled my answer.
||Tu as bredouillé tes excuses.
||You mumbled your apologies.
||Il a bredouillé son discours.
||He mumbled his speech.
||Elle a bredouillé sa déclaration.
||She mumbled her statement.
||On a bredouillé des mots incompréhensibles.
||We mumbled incomprehensible words.
||Nous avons bredouillé notre présentation.
||We mumbled our presentation.
||Vous avez bredouillé vos réponses.
||You mumbled your answers.
||Ils ont bredouillé leurs excuses.
||They mumbled their apologies.
||Elles ont bredouillé leurs confessions.
||They mumbled their confessions.
Other Conjugations for Bredouiller.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bredouiller
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Bredouiller – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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