Introduction to the verb cloîtrer
Get the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) tense conjugation of cloîtrer. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb cloîtrer is “to cloister” or “to enclose.”
The infinitive form of cloîtrer is pronounced “klow-ee-tray.”
Cloîtrer comes from the Latin word “claudere,” meaning “to shut” or “to close.” In everyday French, it is most often used in the Passé Composé tense to talk about actions that have been completed in the past.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in the Passé Composé tense, with their respective English translations:
Hier, j’ai cloîtré mes enfants dans leur chambre pour qu’ils fassent leurs devoirs. (Yesterday, I cloistered my children in their room so that they could do their homework.)
Les religieuses ont été cloîtrées dans leur couvent pendant des années. (The nuns were cloistered in their convent for years.)
Nous avons décidé de cloîtrer notre jardin avec une clôture pour plus d’intimité. (We decided to enclose our garden with a fence for more privacy.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of cloîtrer
||J’ai cloîtré mes pensées.
||I shut off my thoughts.
||Tu as cloîtré ta colère.
||You contained your anger.
||Il a cloîtré le jardin.
||He enclosed the garden.
||Elle a cloîtré son chien.
||She confined her dog.
||On a cloîtré les invités.
||We secluded the guests.
||Nous avons cloîtré nos coeurs.
||We sheltered our hearts.
||Vous avez cloîtré vos esprits.
||You locked up your minds.
||Ils ont cloîtré les prisonniers.
||They imprisoned the prisoners.
||Elles ont cloîtré les oiseaux.
||They caged the birds.
Other Conjugations for Cloîtrer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloîtrer
Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
Get a FREE Download Study Sheet of this Conjugation 🔥
Simply right click the image below, click “save image” and get your free reference for the cloîtrer present perfect tense conjugation!
Cloîtrer – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb cloîtrer. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!