Introduction to the verb cloquer
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The English translation of the French verb cloquer is “to crack” or “to chip”. It is pronounced as [kloh-kay].
The origin of the word cloquer comes from the Latin word “claudere”, meaning “to close” or “to shut”. It entered the French language in the 16th century, with the meaning of “to make a sound like something breaking”.
In everyday French, cloquer is most often used in the Passé Composé tense to describe an action that has been completed in the past. It is often used to describe the cracking or chipping of an object or surface.
Here are three simple examples of how cloquer is used in the Passé Composé tense, with their respective English translations:
- Le vase s’est cloqué après qu’il soit tombé par terre. (The vase cracked after it fell on the ground.)
- J’ai fait tomber mon téléphone et l’écran s’est cloqué. (I dropped my phone and the screen chipped.)
- La peinture du mur s’est cloquée à cause de l’humidité. (The paint on the wall cracked due to the humidity.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of cloquer
||J’ai cloqué à cause du soleil.
||I got blisters from the sun.
||Tu as cloqué ta main en la touchant.
||You got a blister on your hand by touching it.
||Il a cloqué sa peinture.
||He got bubbles in his paint.
||Elle a cloqué son vernis à ongles.
||She got bubbles in her nail polish.
||On a cloqué la surface en la chauffant.
||We made the surface bubble by heating it.
||Nous avons cloqué nos chaussures en marchant.
||We got blisters on our feet from walking.
||Vous avez cloqué votre peau avec l’huile chaude.
||You gave yourself blisters with the hot oil.
||Ils ont cloqué leur vitre en la nettoyant.
||They got bubbles in their window by cleaning it.
||Elles ont cloqué leur ballon en le gonflant trop.
||They got bubbles in their balloon by inflating it too much.
Other Conjugations for Cloquer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloquer
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Cloquer – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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