Introduction to the verb commenter
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The English translation of the French verb commenter is “to comment”. It is pronounced /kɔmɑ̃te/ in its infinitive form.
The language origin of commenter can be traced back to the Latin word commentari, which means “to meditate, to think over”. In everyday French, commenter is most often used in the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) tense to talk about past events or actions that have been completed.
- J’ai commenté la dernière saison de cette série. (I have commented on the last season of this series.)
- Il a commenté les résultats du match de football. (He has commented on the results of the football match.)
- Nous avons commenté les photos de vacances de nos amis. (We have commented on our friends’ vacation photos.)
In these examples, the verb commenter is used to express the action of giving an opinion or thoughts on something that has already happened.
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of commenter
||J’ai commenté la photo.
||I commented on the photo.
||Tu as commenté l’article.
||You commented on the article.
||Il a commenté la vidéo.
||He commented on the video.
||Elle a commenté la performance.
||She commented on the performance.
||On a commenté le match.
||We commented on the game.
||Nous avons commenté l’événement.
||We commented on the event.
||Vous avez commenté le discours.
||You commented on the speech.
||Ils ont commenté le concert.
||They commented on the concert.
||Elles ont commenté le spectacle.
||They commented on the show.
Other Conjugations for Commenter.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commenter
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Commenter – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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