Introduction to the verb confluer
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The English translation of the French verb confluer is “to flow together” or “to converge”. The infinitive form is pronounced as “kohn-flu-eh”.
The word “confluer” comes from the Latin word “confluere”, which means “to flow together”. This verb is most often used in everyday French in the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) tense, which is a compound tense formed by using the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the verb.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in the Passé Composé tense with their respective English translations:
- Les rivières ont confluer pour former un grand fleuve. (The rivers flowed together to form a large river.)
- Les idées de ces deux écrivains se sont confluer dans leur dernier livre. (The ideas of these two writers converged in their latest book.)
- Les chemins des voyageurs se sont confluer dans cette petite ville. (The paths of travelers converged in this small town.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of confluer
|J’ai conflué avec la foule.
|I merged with the crowd.
|Tu as conflué vers le centre.
|You converged towards the center.
|Il a conflué avec le fleuve.
|He converged with the river.
|Elle a conflué vers l’océan.
|She flowed towards the ocean.
|On a conflué vers la même idée.
|We converged towards the same idea.
|Nous avons conflué avec le courant.
|We merged with the current.
|Vous avez conflué vers la grande ville.
|You converged towards the big city.
|Ils ont conflué avec les autres rivières.
|They converged with the other rivers.
|Elles ont conflué avec les chemins.
|They merged with the paths.
Other Conjugations for Confluer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confluer
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Confluer – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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