Introduction to the verb confronter
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The English translation of the French verb confronter is “to confront” or “to compare.” The infinitive form, confronter, is pronounced “kon-frohn-tay.”
Confronter comes from the Latin word “confrontare,” meaning “to face together.” It entered the French language in the 13th century and has since evolved to primarily refer to the act of confronting or comparing two things.
In everyday French, confronter is often used in the Passé Composé tense to describe a past action or situation that involved confronting or comparing something or someone.
- J’ai confronté mes opinions avec celles de mes collègues. (I have confronted my opinions with those of my colleagues.)
- Il a dû confronter ses peurs pour surmonter sa phobie. (He had to confront his fears to overcome his phobia.)
- Nous avons été confrontés à un choix difficile. (We have been faced with a difficult choice.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of confronter
|J’ai confronté mon ami.
|I confronted my friend.
|Tu as confronté ton adversaire.
|You confronted your opponent.
|Il a confronté la situation.
|He confronted the situation.
|Elle a confronté ses peurs.
|She confronted her fears.
|On a confronté les problèmes.
|We confronted the problems.
|Nous avons confronté nos parents.
|We confronted our parents.
|Vous avez confronté le problème.
|You confronted the problem.
|Ils ont confronté leurs voisins.
|They confronted their neighbors.
|Elles ont confronté leur patron.
|They confronted their boss.
Other Conjugations for Confronter.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb confronter
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Confronter – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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