Introduction to the verb emplumer
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The English translation of the French verb emplumer is “to pluck” or “to feather.” The infinitive form is pronounced as “ahm-ploo-may.”
Emplumer comes from the Latin word “implumare,” which means “to pluck feathers.” It entered the French language in the 12th century and has been used in various contexts to refer to the act of removing feathers from a bird or to describe the act of dressing someone in fine clothes.
In everyday French, emplumer is most commonly used in the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) tense, which indicates an action that has been completed in the past. It is often used to describe the act of plucking feathers from a bird, but can also be used figuratively to describe someone being taken advantage of or exploited.
Three examples of emplumer in the Passé Composé tense are:
- J’ai emplumé la volaille pour le dîner. (I plucked the poultry for dinner.)
- Ils ont été emplumés par leur patron pour travailler des heures supplémentaires sans être payés. (They were taken advantage of by their boss to work overtime without being paid.)
- Elle s’est fait emplumer par ce vendeur malhonnête. (She was ripped off by that dishonest salesman.)
- I plucked the poultry for dinner.
- They were taken advantage of by their boss to work overtime without being paid.
- She was ripped off by that dishonest salesman.
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of emplumer
|J’ai emplumé mon chapeau.
|I feathered my hat.
|Tu as emplumé tes ailes.
|You feathered your wings.
|Il a emplumé le costume.
|He feathered the costume.
|Elle a emplumé la robe.
|She feathered the dress.
|On a emplumé la décoration.
|We feathered the decoration.
|Nous avons emplumé le chapeau.
|We feathered the hat.
|Vous avez emplumé la coiffe.
|You feathered the headdress.
|Ils ont emplumé le masque.
|They feathered the mask.
|Elles ont emplumé le coussin.
|They feathered the cushion.
Other Conjugations for Emplumer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emplumer
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Emplumer – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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