Introduction to the verb charger
The English translation of the French verb charger is “to charge.” It is pronounced “shahr-zhey” in its infinitive form.
The word charger comes from the Old French word “chargier,” which means “to load, burden, or impose a duty.” It ultimately comes from the Latin word “carricare,” meaning “to load a vehicle.”
In every day French, the verb charger is most often used in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which is the past perfect tense in English. This tense is used to describe an action that was completed before another past action or point in time. It is formed by using the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb.
Here are three simple examples of charger in the Plus-que-parfait tense, along with their English translations:
- J’avais chargé la voiture avant de partir. (I had loaded the car before leaving.)
- Elle était déjà partie quand j’ai chargé mes valises. (She had already left when I loaded my suitcases.)
- Les enfants avaient chargé leurs sacs à dos avant de partir en randonnée. (The children had loaded their backpacks before going on a hike.)
Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of charger
|J’avais chargé mes bagages.
|I had loaded my luggage.
|tu avais chargé
|Tu avais chargé la voiture.
|You had loaded the car.
|il avait chargé
|Il avait chargé la camionnette.
|He had loaded the van.
|elle avait chargé
|Elle avait chargé le fourgon.
|She had loaded the truck.
|on avait chargé
|On avait chargé le camion.
|One had loaded the truck.
|nous avions chargé
|Nous avions chargé le train.
|We had loaded the train.
|vous aviez chargé
|Vous aviez chargé les valises.
|You had loaded the suitcases.
|ils avaient chargé
|Ils avaient chargé le bateau.
|They had loaded the boat.
|elles avaient chargé
|Elles avaient chargé le navire.
|They had loaded the ship.
Other Conjugations for Charger.
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Charger – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense
Common everyday usage patterns
Sequencing of past events
Hypothetical or reported speech
Interactions with other tenses
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