Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier

Introduction to the verb dactylographier

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The English translation of the French verb dactylographier is “to type.” It is pronounced as “dak-tee-loh-gra-fee-yay.”

The word dactylographier comes from the Greek words “daktylos” meaning “finger” and “graphein” meaning “to write.” It was first used in the late 19th century to refer to the act of typing on a keyboard.

In everyday French, dactylographier is most often used in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which corresponds to the past perfect tense in English. This tense is used to describe an action that was completed before another past action.

Here are three simple examples of dactylographier in the Plus-que-parfait tense:

  1. J’avais dactylographié le rapport avant la réunion. (I had typed the report before the meeting.)
  2. Tu avais dactylographié tous les documents avant le départ du train. (You had typed all the documents before the train departed.)
  3. Elle avait dactylographié tous les articles pour le journal avant les vacances. (She had typed all the articles for the newspaper before the vacation.)

In all three examples, dactylographier is used to describe an action that was completed before another past action. In English, the past perfect tense is used in a similar way, with the auxiliary verb “had” followed by the past participle of the verb.

Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of dactylographier

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je j’avais dactylographié J’avais dactylographié un rapport. I had typed up a report.
tu tu avais dactylographié Tu avais dactylographié une lettre. You had typed up a letter.
il il avait dactylographié Il avait dactylographié un document. He had typed up a document.
elle elle avait dactylographié Elle avait dactylographié un CV. She had typed up a resume.
on on avait dactylographié On avait dactylographié un article. One had typed up an article.
nous nous avions dactylographié Nous avions dactylographié un contrat. We had typed up a contract.
vous vous aviez dactylographié Vous aviez dactylographié un rapport. You had typed up a report.
ils ils avaient dactylographié Ils avaient dactylographié des notes. They had typed up notes.
elles elles avaient dactylographié Elles avaient dactylographié des lettres. They had typed up letters.

Other Conjugations for Dactylographier.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier     (this article)

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dactylographier

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Dactylographier – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense

The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Tense Formation

To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
   – J’avais mangé (I had eaten)
   – Tu avais parlé (You had spoken)
   – Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
   – Nous avions lu (We had read)
   – Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
   – Ils/elles avaient joué (They had played)
2. With “être” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
   – J’étais parti(e) (I had left)
   – Tu étais arrivé(e) (You had arrived)
   – Il/elle/on était tombé(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
   – Nous étions resté(e)s (We had stayed)
   – Vous étiez né(e)(s) (You had been born)
   – Ils/elles étaient monté(e)s (They had gone up)

Common everyday usage patterns

Sequencing of past events

The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangé avant qu’il ne soit arrivé” (I had eaten before he arrived).

Background information

It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivé, ils avaient déjà fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).

Hypothetical or reported speech

In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).

Interactions with other tenses

РThe plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the pass̩ compos̩ (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The pass̩ compos̩ describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi différemment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.

Summary

The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb dactylographier. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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