Introduction to the verb raccorder
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The English translation of the French verb raccorder is “to connect” or “to join.” The infinitive form, raccorder, is pronounced “rah-koh-dair.”
The word raccorder comes from the French prefix re- which means “again” or “back” and the verb accorder, which means “to grant” or “to agree.” It is derived from the Latin word accordare, meaning “to bring into agreement.”
In everyday French, raccorder is most commonly used in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which is used to talk about actions that were completed before another action in the past. It is formed by using the imperfect tense of the auxiliary verb avoir or être and the past participle of the main verb.
Here are three examples of raccorder used in the Plus-que-parfait tense:
J’avais raccordé les fils avant que la panne de courant ne survienne. (I had connected the wires before the power outage occurred.)
Tu étais raccordé à internet depuis 5 ans avant de déménager. (You had been connected to the internet for 5 years before moving.)
Elle avait raccordé les deux pièces de tissu ensemble avant de les coudre. (She had joined the two pieces of fabric together before sewing them.)
In all of these examples, the action of connecting or joining happened before another past action. The Plus-que-parfait tense is commonly used in storytelling or recounting events in the past, especially when describing a sequence of events.
Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of raccorder
|J’avais raccordé les fils électriques.
|I had connected the electrical wires.
|tu avais raccordé
|Tu avais raccordé les tuyaux.
|You had connected the pipes.
|il avait raccordé
|Il avait raccordé les deux parties.
|He had connected the two parts.
|elle avait raccordé
|Elle avait raccordé les tuyaux.
|She had connected the pipes.
|on avait raccordé
|On avait raccordé les deux morceaux.
|One had connected the two pieces.
|nous avions raccordé
|Nous avions raccordé les câbles.
|We had connected the cables.
|vous aviez raccordé
|Vous aviez raccordé les tuyaux.
|You had connected the pipes.
|ils avaient raccordé
|Ils avaient raccordé les câbles.
|They had connected the cables.
|elles avaient raccordé
|Elles avaient raccordé les deux parties.
|They had connected the two parts.
Other Conjugations for Raccorder.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder (this article)
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb raccorder
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Raccorder – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense
The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’avais mangé (I had eaten)
– Tu avais parlé (You had spoken)
– Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
– Nous avions lu (We had read)
– Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
– Ils/elles avaient joué (They had played)
2. With “être” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
– J’étais parti(e) (I had left)
– Tu étais arrivé(e) (You had arrived)
– Il/elle/on était tombé(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
– Nous étions resté(e)s (We had stayed)
– Vous étiez né(e)(s) (You had been born)
– Ils/elles étaient monté(e)s (They had gone up)
Common everyday usage patterns
Sequencing of past events
The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangé avant qu’il ne soit arrivé” (I had eaten before he arrived).
It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivé, ils avaient déjà fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).
Hypothetical or reported speech
In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).
Interactions with other tenses
– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passé composé (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passé composé describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi différemment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.
The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.
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