Introduction to the verb baragouiner
Get the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) tense conjugation of baragouiner. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb baragouiner is “to mumble” or “to speak incomprehensibly.” The infinitive form is pronounced “ba-ra-goo-ee-neh.”
The word baragouiner comes from the French dialect word “baragouin” which means “jargon” or “mumbling.” It first appeared in the French language in the 17th century.
In everyday French, baragouiner is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which expresses a possibility, doubt, or wish in the past. This tense is formed by using the imperfect tense of the verb avoir or être + the past participle of the main verb.
Here are three simple examples of baragouiner in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense:
- Il fallait que tu baragouinasses pour te faire comprendre. (It was necessary for you to mumble to make yourself understood.)
- Nous aurions aimé qu’ils ne baragouinassent pas pendant la réunion. (We would have liked for them to not mumble during the meeting.)
- J’aurais préféré qu’elle ne baragouinât pas tout le temps. (I would have preferred for her to not mumble all the time.)
In these sentences, baragouiner is used to express a wish or preference in the past, demonstrating its use in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense.
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of baragouiner
|Si je baragouinasse plus, je comprendrais mieux.
|If I spoke more, I would understand better.
|Si tu baragouinasses mieux, tu pourrais communiquer avec eux.
|If you spoke better, you could communicate with them.
|Il serait content si il baragouinât couramment.
|He would be happy if he baragouinât fluently.
|Elle serait surprise si elle baragouinât bien.
|She would be surprised if she baragouinât well.
|Si on baragouinât plus fort, on se ferait entendre.
|If one spoke louder, one would be heard.
|Si nous baragouinassions ensemble, ça serait amusant.
|If we spoke together, it would be funny.
|Si vous baragouinassiez moins, vous comprendriez mieux.
|If you spoke less, you would understand better.
|S’ils baragouinassent plus lentement, je comprendrais mieux.
|If they spoke more slowly, I would understand better.
|Si elles baragouinassent ensemble, ça serait bruyant.
|If they spoke together, it would be noisy.
Other Conjugations for Baragouiner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baragouiner
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Baragouiner – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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