Introduction to the verb caper
Get the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) tense conjugation of caper. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb caper is “to skip” or “to frolic.” The infinitive form is pronounced “cah-pay.”
The language origin of caper comes from the Latin word “capreola” meaning “goat-like.” In everyday French, it is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which is used to express a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past.
1) Je souhaitais que tu caperas avec moi. (I wished that you would skip with me.)
2) Il fallait qu’elle caperât sur la plage pour être heureuse. (She needed to frolic on the beach to be happy.)
3) Nous voulions que vous caperiez dans le parc toute la journée. (We wanted you to skip in the park all day.)
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of caper
||Si j’étais un enfant, je capasse dans la cour.
||If I were a child, I would hop in the courtyard.
||Si tu t’amusais, tu capasses plus.
||If you had fun, you would hop more.
||Si il pouvait, il capât tout le temps.
||If he could, he would hop all the time.
||Si elle avait plus d’énergie, elle capât plus haut.
||If she had more energy, she would hop higher.
||Si on capât plus souvent, on serait plus en forme.
||If one hopped more often, one would be in better shape.
||Si nous capassions ensemble, nous aurions tellement de plaisir.
||If we hopped together, we would have so much fun.
||Si vous capassiez moins fort, vous fatigueriez moins vite.
||If you hopped less hard, you would tire less quickly.
||S’ils capassent plus vite, ils arriveraient plus tôt.
||If they hopped faster, they would arrive earlier.
||Si elles capassent en rythme, ça serait très drôle.
||If they hopped in rhythm, it would be very funny.
Other Conjugations for Caper.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caper
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Caper – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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