Introduction to the verb contre-tirer
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The English translation of the French verb contre-tirer is “to counter-shoot” or “to shoot back”. The infinitive form, contre-tirer, is pronounced as “kohn-truh-tee-ray”.
The term contre-tirer is derived from the prefix contre, meaning “against” or “counter”, and the verb tirer, meaning “to shoot”. It is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which is one of the six tenses in the subjunctive mood in French. This tense is used to express a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past.
Three examples of contre-tirer in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense are:
Si j’avais su qu’il allait me tirer dessus, j’aurais contre-tiré. (If I had known he was going to shoot at me, I would have counter-shot.)
Il fallait que je contre-tirasse pour me défendre. (I had to counter-shoot to defend myself.)
Nous voulions qu’ils contre-tirassent avant de nous approcher. (We wanted them to counter-shoot before approaching us.)
In each of these examples, the verb contre-tirer is conjugated in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense to convey a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past.
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of contre-tirer
||Si je fusse à la guerre, je contre-tirasse bien.
||If I were at war, I would counterfire well.
||Si tu étais un soldat, tu contre-tirasses avec précision.
||If you were a soldier, you would counterfire with precision.
||Il serait moins fatigué s’il contre-tirât moins.
||He would be less tired if he counterfired less.
||Elle serait plus en sécurité si elle contre-tirât mieux.
||She would be safer if she counterfired better.
||Si on contre-tirât avec plus de force, on vaincrait.
||If one counterfired with more force, one would win.
||Si nous contre-tirassions plus vite, nous gagnerions.
||If we counterfired faster, we would win.
||Si vous contre-tirassiez plus tôt, vous éviteriez des pertes.
||If you counterfired earlier, you would avoid losses.
||S’ils contre-tirassent ensemble, ils seraient plus efficaces.
||If they counterfired together, they would be more effective.
||Si elles contre-tirassent, ça serait dangereux pour nous.
||If they counterfired, it would be dangerous for us.
Other Conjugations for Contre-Tirer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-tirer
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Contre-Tirer – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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