Introduction to the verb bruiner
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The English translation of the French verb bruiner is “to drizzle.” The infinitive form of bruiner is pronounced as “brwee-nay.”
Bruiner comes from the Old French word “brun,” meaning “brown” or “dark.” It is most often used in everyday French to describe light rain or a light and continuous rain that falls slowly and softly.
In the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense, bruiner is used to express a hypothetical action that would have taken place in the past. It is formed by using the past subjunctive form of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” followed by the past participle of bruiner.
- J’aurais aimé qu’il bruinât pour arroser le jardin. (I would have liked for it to have drizzled to water the garden.)
- Si je l’avais su, je serais partie avant qu’il ne bruinât. (If I had known, I would have left before it drizzled.)
- Nous aurions été plus heureux s’il n’avait pas bruiné pendant nos vacances. (We would have been happier if it hadn’t drizzled during our vacation.)
Table of the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of bruiner
||Si j’avais su, je eusse bruni mes chaussures.
||If I had known, I would have polished my shoes.
||Si tu avais accepté mon aide, tu eusses bruni la table.
||If you had accepted my help, you would have polished the table.
||Si elle avait suivi tes conseils, il eût bruni le miroir.
||If she had followed your advice, he would have polished the mirror.
||Si elle avait su, elle eût bruni sa lampe avant la panne de courant.
||If she had known, she would have polished her lamp before the power outage.
||Si on avait su, on eût bruni les couverts avant de les utiliser.
||If one had known, one would have polished the silverware before using them.
||Si nous avions le temps, nous eussions bruni les meubles avant l’arrivée des invités.
||If we had the time, we would have polished the furniture before the arrival of the guests.
||Si vous aviez accepté notre offre, vous eussiez bruni votre voiture avant de la revendre.
||If you had accepted our offer, you would have polished your car before selling it.
||Si les enfants avaient su, ils eussent bruni leurs chaussures avant d’entrer dans la maison.
||If the children had known, they would have polished their shoes before entering the house.
||Si elles avaient su, elles eussent bruni leurs bijoux avant la soirée.
||If they had known, they would have polished their jewelry before the party.
Other Conjugations for Bruiner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bruiner
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Bruiner – About the French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, also known as the Pluperfect Subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions or states that occurred before another action in the past, and it’s used in situations where the indicative mood is in the past subjunctive or conditional mood.
To form the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, you start with the imperfect subjunctive form of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb.
For “avoir” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “avoir” (e.g., j’eusse, tu eusses, il/elle eût, nous eussions, vous eussiez, ils/elles eussent). Add the past participle of the main verb.
For “être” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “être” (e.g., je fusse, tu fusses, il/elle fût, nous fussions, vous fussiez, ils/elles fussent). Add the past participle of the main verb.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is often used to express hypothetical or unreal actions that occurred before another past action.
For example: J’aurais aimé que tu aies fini ton travail avant que je sois arrivé. (I would have liked for you to have finished your work before I arrived.)
In reported speech, you may use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait to convey what someone said or thought in the past.
For example: Il m’a dit qu’il avait peur que je n’aie pas compris. (He told me that he was afraid that I hadn’t understood.)
Doubt, Wishes, and Emotions
This tense can also be used to express doubt, wishes, and emotions about past actions.
For example: Je doutais qu’il eût dit la vérité. (I doubted that he had told the truth.)
J’aurais souhaité que tu fusses venu. (I would have wished for you to have come.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to describe past actions when the main verb is in the present subjunctive.
For example: “Il faut que j’aie fini mon travail avant que tu partes.” (I must have finished my work before you leave.)
It’s common to use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait with the imperfect subjunctive in complex sentences.
For example: “Il m’avait dit qu’il fût rentré avant la fin de la journée.” (He had told me that he had returned before the end of the day.)
When the main verb is in the conditional mood, the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to express past unreal conditions.
For example: “Si j’avais su, j’aurais voulu que tu aies réussi.” (If I had known, I would have wanted you to have succeeded.)
The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is a complex tense used to convey nuanced meanings in French. While its usage may seem intricate, it becomes more intuitive with practice and exposure to the language. It’s important to understand the context in which it’s used, as it often conveys subtleties of time, conditionality, and emotion in French sentences.
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