Introduction to the verb argumenter
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The English translation of the French verb argumenter is “to argue” or “to make an argument.” It is pronounced “ar-gu-men-tay.”
Argumenter comes from the French word “argument,” which is derived from the Latin word “argumentum,” meaning “proof” or “evidence.” It is most often used in everyday French to express the action of presenting and defending a point of view or opinion.
In the Conditionnel Passé tense, argumenter is used to express a hypothetical or possible action that occurred in the past. It is formed by conjugating the auxiliary verb avoir or être in the Conditionnel Présent tense, followed by the past participle of argumenter.
Three simple examples of argumenter in the Conditionnel Passé tense are:
- Si j’avais argumenté avec lui, il aurait peut-être changé d’avis. (If I had argued with him, he might have changed his mind.)
- Tu aurais mieux fait d’argumenter tes raisons avant de prendre une telle décision. (You should have better argued your reasons before making such a decision.)
- Nous serions restés amis si tu n’avais pas argumenté contre mes croyances. (We would have remained friends if you hadn’t argued against my beliefs.)
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of argumenter
|Si j’avais su, j’aurais argumenté.
|I would have argued.
|Tu aurais argumenté plus tôt.
|You would have argued earlier.
|Il aurait argumenté avec elle.
|He would have argued with her.
|Elle aurait argumenté contre lui.
|She would have argued against him.
|On aurait argumenté sur le sujet.
|One would have argued about the subject.
|Nous aurions argumenté en public.
|We would have argued in public.
|Vous auriez argumenté ensemble.
|You would have argued together.
|Ils auraient argumenté sur la politique.
|They would have argued about politics.
|Elles auraient argumenté avec leurs amis.
|They (female) would have argued with their friends.
Other Conjugations for Argumenter.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb argumenter
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Argumenter – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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