Introduction to the verb condamner
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The English translation of the French verb condamner is “to condemn.” The infinitive form is pronounced as “kohN-dah-mneh.”
The word “condamner” comes from the Latin verb “condemnare,” which means “to blame, to censure, to sentence.” In everyday French, it is most often used in the Conditionnel Passé tense, which is the conditional perfect tense in English. This tense is used to express an action that would have happened in the past if a certain condition had been met.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in the Conditionnel Passé tense:
- Si j’avais su, j’aurais condamné cette injustice. (If I had known, I would have condemned this injustice.)
- Ils auraient condamné le coupable s’ils avaient eu suffisamment de preuves. (They would have condemned the guilty one if they had had enough evidence.)
- Elle aurait condamné ces propos offensants si elle avait été présente. (She would have condemned these offensive remarks if she had been present.)
In these examples, the verb “condamner” is used to express a hypothetical situation or an action that did not actually happen in the past. It emphasizes the idea of regret or disapproval towards something that could have been different.
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of condamner
||J’aurais condamné cet acte.
||I would have condemned this act.
||Tu aurais condamné cette personne.
||You would have condemned this person.
||Il aurait condamné cette violence.
||He would have condemned this violence.
||Elle aurait condamné cette injustice.
||She would have condemned this injustice.
||On aurait condamné cette décision.
||One would have condemned this decision.
||Nous aurions condamné ce comportement.
||We would have condemned this behavior.
||Vous auriez condamné ces actions.
||You would have condemned these actions.
||Ils auraient condamné ces crimes.
||They would have condemned these crimes.
||Elles auraient condamné ces mensonges.
||They (female) would have condemned these lies.
Other Conjugations for Condamner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
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Condamner – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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