Introduction to the verb condamner
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The English translation of the French verb condamner is “to condemn.” The infinitive form is pronounced as “kohn-dah-mneh.”
Condamner comes from the Latin word “condemnare,” which means “to blame, censure, or sentence.” It entered the French language during the Middle Ages and has been in use ever since.
In everyday French, condamner is most often used in the Passé Composé tense to talk about a past action that has been completed or a past state that has been changed.
Here are three examples of condamner in the Passé Composé tense:
- Le tribunal a condamné l’accusé à 10 ans de prison. (The court sentenced the defendant to 10 years in prison.)
- Ils ont condamné les violences policières lors de la manifestation. (They condemned the police violence during the protest.)
- Mon père m’a toujours condamné pour mon choix de carrière. (My father has always condemned me for my career choice.)
In all of these examples, we see that condamner is used to express a strong disapproval or judgment towards someone or something. It can also be used in a legal context to refer to a judicial sentence or punishment.
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of condamner
||J’ai condamné l’accusé.
||I sentenced the defendant.
||Tu as condamné le coupable.
||You sentenced the guilty one.
||Il a condamné le meurtrier.
||He sentenced the murderer.
||Elle a condamné le voleur.
||She sentenced the thief.
||On a condamné le fraudeur.
||We sentenced the fraudster.
||Nous avons condamné le tricheur.
||We sentenced the cheater.
||Vous avez condamné le pirate.
||You sentenced the pirate.
||Ils ont condamné le bandit.
||They sentenced the bandit.
||Elles ont condamné le mechant.
||They sentenced the villain.
Other Conjugations for Condamner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb condamner
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Condamner – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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