Introduction to the verb conjecturer
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The English translation of the French verb “conjecturer” is “to conjecture” or “to speculate.” The infinitive form is pronounced as “kohn-zhuhk-tyuh-ray.”
The word “conjecturer” comes from the Latin word “conjecturare” which means “to guess” or “to infer.” In everyday French, it is most often used in the Conditionnel Passé tense, which is used to talk about actions that would have happened in the past if certain conditions had been met.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in the Conditionnel Passé tense:
- Si j’avais étudié plus dur, j’aurais eu une meilleure note. (If I had studied harder, I would have gotten a better grade.)
- Nous aurions pu aller à la plage si le temps avait été meilleur. (We could have gone to the beach if the weather had been better.)
- J’aurais aimé voyager à travers l’Europe si j’avais eu plus d’argent. (I would have loved to travel through Europe if I had had more money.)
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of conjecturer
||Si j’avais eu plus d’informations, j’aurais conjecturé.
||If I had more information, I would have speculated.
||Tu aurais conjecturé sur le résultat.
||You would have speculated on the outcome.
||Il aurait conjecturé sur la cause.
||He would have speculated on the cause.
||Elle aurait conjecturé sur l’avenir.
||She would have speculated about the future.
||On aurait conjecturé sur les conséquences.
||One would have speculated on the consequences.
||Nous aurions conjecturé ensemble.
||We would have speculated together.
||Vous auriez conjecturé différemment.
||You would have speculated differently.
||Ils auraient conjecturé sur le sujet.
||They would have speculated on the subject.
||Elles auraient conjecturé en secret.
||They (female) would have speculated in secret.
Other Conjugations for Conjecturer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb conjecturer
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Conjecturer – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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