Introduction to the verb désorber
Get the L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) tense conjugation of désorber. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb désorber is “to absorb” or “to soak up.” It is pronounced as “day-zor-bay” in the infinitive form.
The word désorber comes from the Latin word “absorbere” meaning “to swallow up.” In everyday French, it is most often used in the L’infinitif Présent (present infinitive) tense, which is the base form of the verb and is typically used to express an action that has not yet been completed.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in the present infinitive tense along with their English translations:
- Je dois désorber cette tache avant qu’elle ne sèche. (I have to absorb this stain before it dries.)
- Nous avons besoin d’une éponge pour désorber l’eau. (We need a sponge to soak up the water.)
- Ils ont utilisé des serviettes en papier pour désorber l’excès de graisse. (They used paper towels to absorb the excess grease.)
Table of the L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of désorber
|Je désorbe le poison.
|I neutralize the poison.
|Tu désorbes l’acide.
|You neutralize the acid.
|Il désorbe le virus.
|He neutralizes the virus.
|Elle désorbe le gaz.
|She neutralizes the gas.
|On désorbe les déchets.
|We neutralize the waste.
|Nous désorbons ensemble.
|We neutralize together.
|Vous désorbez l’énergie.
|You neutralize the energy.
|Ils désorbent le produit chimique.
|They neutralize the chemical.
|Elles désorbent la pollution.
|They neutralize the pollution.
Other Conjugations for Désorber.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désorber (this article)
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Désorber – About the French L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense
The French “l’infinitif présent” (Infinitive Present) tense is not a true verb tense in the same way that the present, past, or future tenses are. Instead, it’s the base form of a verb, and it has several important uses and interactions with other tenses.
Forming the Infinitive Present
To form the infinitive present of a verb, you typically take the unconjugated form of the verb (the form you’d find in a French dictionary) and remove the ending. For regular verbs, you remove the -er, -ir, or -re ending, and you’re left with the infinitive. For example:
– Parler (to speak)
– Finir (to finish)
– Vendre (to sell)
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
As a Verb’s Dictionary Form
The most common use of the infinitive present is to represent a verb in its base form. It’s the form you would find in a dictionary or verb conjugation table.
After Modal Verbs
When you use modal verbs like “pouvoir” (can), “vouloir” (want), or “devoir” (must), the verb that follows is in its infinitive form. For example:
– Je veux manger. (I want to eat.)
– Il peut parler français. (He can speak French.)
As an Imperative
In informal commands, the infinitive is often used. For example:
– Ferme la porte. (Close the door.)
In Infinitive Clauses
In complex sentences, especially after certain conjunctions, the infinitive is used to express actions that are separate from the main verb. For example:
– J’ai besoin de manger avant de partir. (I need to eat before leaving.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The infinitive present can be used with the present tense to express ongoing actions or habitual actions. For example:
– J’aime manger des croissants. (I like eating croissants.)
When combined with the future tense of “aller,” the infinitive present can express future actions. For example:
– Je vais manger au restaurant demain. (I am going to eat at the restaurant tomorrow.)
The infinitive present is often used with the conditional to express actions that would happen in a hypothetical situation. For example:
– Il mangerait s’il avait faim. (He would eat if he were hungry.)
When forming compound tenses like “passé composé,” the auxiliary verb (être or avoir) is conjugated, and the main verb remains in its infinitive form. For example:
– J’ai mangé une pomme. (I ate an apple.)
– Elle est partie. (She left.)
The infinitive present can be combined with the imperfect tense to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. For example:
– Quand j’étais enfant, j’aimais jouer. (When I was a child, I liked to play.)
Subjunctive and Conditional Moods
In some complex sentences, the infinitive can be used with the subjunctive and conditional moods, especially when expressing uncertainty, possibility, or doubt.
The infinitive present in French serves as the base form of a verb and is used in various contexts, including after modal verbs, in imperative commands, in infinitive clauses, and in combination with other tenses to convey a wide range of meanings and actions. Its flexibility makes it a fundamental part of French grammar.
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