Introduction to the verb bonifier
Get the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) tense conjugation of bonifier. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb bonifier is “to improve” or “to make better.” The infinitive form is pronounced “boh-nee-fee-yay.”
The word bonifier comes from the French adjective “bon,” meaning “good,” and the suffix “-ifier,” which is used to form verbs from adjectives. In everyday French, bonifier is commonly used in the Passé Antérieur tense, which is used to talk about completed actions that happened before another past action.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in this tense, with their respective English translations:
- J’ai bonifié mon français en prenant des cours. (I improved my French by taking classes.)
- Elle a bonifié son salon en ajoutant de nouveaux meubles. (She made her living room better by adding new furniture.)
- Nous avons bonifié notre relation en communiquant davantage. (We made our relationship better by communicating more.)
Table of the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of bonifier
||I had improved
||Tu eusses bonifié
||You had improved
||Il eût bonifié
||He had improved
||Elle eût bonifié
||She had improved
||On eût bonifié
||One had improved
||Nous eûmes bonifié
||We had improved
||Vous eûtes bonifié
||You had improved
||Ils eurent bonifié
||They had improved
||Elles eurent bonifié
||They had improved
Other Conjugations for Bonifier.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier (this article)
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bonifier
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Bonifier – About the French Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense
The French Passé Antérieur tense, often referred to as the “past anterior” in English, is a literary and formal past tense that is not commonly used in everyday spoken French. It is primarily found in written language, particularly in literature, historical texts, and formal writing. This tense is used to express actions that occurred before another action in the past, serving a similar purpose to the past perfect tense (passé composé) in English.
Formation of the Passé Antérieur
The Passé Antérieur is formed by using the third person singular of the passé simple (simple past) tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb.
The choice between “avoir” and “être” as the auxiliary verb depends on the main verb and its transitivity or intransitivity. Here is the basic structure:
1. For verbs that use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’eus (I had) + past participle (of the main verb)
2. For verbs that use “être” as the auxiliary verb:
– Je fus (I was) + past participle (of the main verb)
Common Usage Patterns
As mentioned earlier, the Passé Antérieur is primarily used in formal and literary contexts. It is rarely used in everyday spoken French, where the passé composé and imparfait are more commonly used to express past actions. Some common patterns of usage include:
The Passé Antérieur is frequently used in literature to describe past events in a succinct and formal manner.
It is used in historical narratives to recount past actions and events.
In formal and academic writing, the Passé Antérieur can be employed to convey events in the past with a sense of formality and precision.
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Passé Antérieur often interacts with other tenses, especially when narrating past events in a chronological order:
Passé Composé (Present Perfect)
The Passé Antérieur can be used to indicate an action that occurred before another action expressed in the passé composé. For example: “Il eut terminé son travail avant que je ne sois arrivé.” (He had finished his work before I arrived).
The Passé Antérieur may be used in conjunction with the imparfait to convey a sequence of past actions. For instance: “Elle arriva après que nous eûmes commencé.” (She arrived after we had started).
Futur Antérieur (Future Perfect)
In the context of storytelling or narration, the Passé Antérieur can be used to describe events that happened before a future action expressed in the futur antérieur. For example: “Il partira après qu’il aura fini.” (He will leave after he has finished).
Passé Antérieur is a formal past tense used in written language and literary contexts to describe actions that occurred before another action in the past. It is not commonly used in everyday spoken French where you should instead use the passé composé and imparfait for discussing past events.
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