Introduction to the verb branler
Get the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) tense conjugation of branler. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb branler is “to shake” or “to wobble.” The infinitive form, “branler,” is pronounced “brawn-lay.”
The word “branler” comes from the Latin word “ballare,” meaning “to dance.” In French, it can be used in a physical sense to indicate a movement of shaking or wobbling, or in a figurative sense to mean “to hesitate” or “to be unstable.”
In everyday French, the passé antérieur tense is used to talk about an action that happened and was completed before another action in the past. It is formed with the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” in the imparfait tense and the past participle of the main verb.
Here are three simple examples of “branler” used in the passé antérieur tense with their English translations:
- J’eus branlé la table avant qu’elle ne se renverse. (I had shaken the table before it tipped over.)
- Tu eus branlé la tête en signe de désapprobation. (You had shaken your head in disapproval.)
- Ils eurent branlé leurs têtes ensemble et se mirent à rire. (They had shaken their heads together and started laughing.)
Table of the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of branler
|I had shaken
|Tu eusses branlé
|You had shaken
|Il eût branlé
|He had shaken
|Elle eût branlé
|She had shaken
|On eût branlé
|One had shaken
|Nous eûmes branlé
|We had shaken
|Vous eûtes branlé
|You had shaken
|Ils eurent branlé
|They had shaken
|Elles eurent branlé
|They had shaken
Other Conjugations for Branler.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler (this article)
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb branler
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Branler – About the French Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense
The French Passé Antérieur tense, often referred to as the “past anterior” in English, is a literary and formal past tense that is not commonly used in everyday spoken French. It is primarily found in written language, particularly in literature, historical texts, and formal writing. This tense is used to express actions that occurred before another action in the past, serving a similar purpose to the past perfect tense (passé composé) in English.
Formation of the Passé Antérieur
The Passé Antérieur is formed by using the third person singular of the passé simple (simple past) tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb.
The choice between “avoir” and “être” as the auxiliary verb depends on the main verb and its transitivity or intransitivity. Here is the basic structure:
1. For verbs that use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’eus (I had) + past participle (of the main verb)
2. For verbs that use “être” as the auxiliary verb:
– Je fus (I was) + past participle (of the main verb)
Common Usage Patterns
As mentioned earlier, the Passé Antérieur is primarily used in formal and literary contexts. It is rarely used in everyday spoken French, where the passé composé and imparfait are more commonly used to express past actions. Some common patterns of usage include:
The Passé Antérieur is frequently used in literature to describe past events in a succinct and formal manner.
It is used in historical narratives to recount past actions and events.
In formal and academic writing, the Passé Antérieur can be employed to convey events in the past with a sense of formality and precision.
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Passé Antérieur often interacts with other tenses, especially when narrating past events in a chronological order:
Passé Composé (Present Perfect)
The Passé Antérieur can be used to indicate an action that occurred before another action expressed in the passé composé. For example: “Il eut terminé son travail avant que je ne sois arrivé.” (He had finished his work before I arrived).
The Passé Antérieur may be used in conjunction with the imparfait to convey a sequence of past actions. For instance: “Elle arriva après que nous eûmes commencé.” (She arrived after we had started).
Futur Antérieur (Future Perfect)
In the context of storytelling or narration, the Passé Antérieur can be used to describe events that happened before a future action expressed in the futur antérieur. For example: “Il partira après qu’il aura fini.” (He will leave after he has finished).
Passé Antérieur is a formal past tense used in written language and literary contexts to describe actions that occurred before another action in the past. It is not commonly used in everyday spoken French where you should instead use the passé composé and imparfait for discussing past events.
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