Introduction to the verb brocanter
Get the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) tense conjugation of brocanter. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb brocanter is “to bargain hunt” or “to haggle.” It is pronounced as “bro-kahn-teh.”
Brocanter comes from the word “brocante,” which means a secondhand market or flea market. It is derived from the word “broc,” which refers to old or used items.
In everyday French, brocanter is most often used in the Passé Antérieur tense, which is the past perfect tense. This tense is used to describe an action that happened before another action in the past.
Here are three simple examples of brocanter used in the Passé Antérieur tense:
J’ai brocanté toute la journée avant de trouver le parfait vase en porcelaine. (I had bargained hunted all day before finding the perfect porcelain vase.)
Tu avais brocanté pendant des heures avant de décider d’acheter cette lampe antique. (You had haggled for hours before deciding to buy this antique lamp.)
Ils avaient brocanté dans plusieurs boutiques avant de tomber sur un magnifique tableau du 19ème siècle. (They had bargain hunted in several shops before stumbling upon a beautiful 19th century painting.)
Table of the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of brocanter
|I had scavenged
|Tu eusses brocanté
|You had scavenged
|Il eût brocanté
|He had scavenged
|Elle eût brocanté
|She had scavenged
|On eût brocanté
|One had scavenged
|Nous eûmes brocanté
|We had scavenged
|Vous eûtes brocanté
|You had scavenged
|Ils eurent brocanté
|They had scavenged
|Elles eurent brocanté
|They had scavenged
Other Conjugations for Brocanter.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter (this article)
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brocanter
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Brocanter – About the French Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense
The French Passé Antérieur tense, often referred to as the “past anterior” in English, is a literary and formal past tense that is not commonly used in everyday spoken French. It is primarily found in written language, particularly in literature, historical texts, and formal writing. This tense is used to express actions that occurred before another action in the past, serving a similar purpose to the past perfect tense (passé composé) in English.
Formation of the Passé Antérieur
The Passé Antérieur is formed by using the third person singular of the passé simple (simple past) tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb.
The choice between “avoir” and “être” as the auxiliary verb depends on the main verb and its transitivity or intransitivity. Here is the basic structure:
1. For verbs that use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’eus (I had) + past participle (of the main verb)
2. For verbs that use “être” as the auxiliary verb:
– Je fus (I was) + past participle (of the main verb)
Common Usage Patterns
As mentioned earlier, the Passé Antérieur is primarily used in formal and literary contexts. It is rarely used in everyday spoken French, where the passé composé and imparfait are more commonly used to express past actions. Some common patterns of usage include:
The Passé Antérieur is frequently used in literature to describe past events in a succinct and formal manner.
It is used in historical narratives to recount past actions and events.
In formal and academic writing, the Passé Antérieur can be employed to convey events in the past with a sense of formality and precision.
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Passé Antérieur often interacts with other tenses, especially when narrating past events in a chronological order:
Passé Composé (Present Perfect)
The Passé Antérieur can be used to indicate an action that occurred before another action expressed in the passé composé. For example: “Il eut terminé son travail avant que je ne sois arrivé.” (He had finished his work before I arrived).
The Passé Antérieur may be used in conjunction with the imparfait to convey a sequence of past actions. For instance: “Elle arriva après que nous eûmes commencé.” (She arrived after we had started).
Futur Antérieur (Future Perfect)
In the context of storytelling or narration, the Passé Antérieur can be used to describe events that happened before a future action expressed in the futur antérieur. For example: “Il partira après qu’il aura fini.” (He will leave after he has finished).
Passé Antérieur is a formal past tense used in written language and literary contexts to describe actions that occurred before another action in the past. It is not commonly used in everyday spoken French where you should instead use the passé composé and imparfait for discussing past events.
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