Introduction to the verb brusquer
Get the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) tense conjugation of brusquer. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb brusquer is “to rush” or “to hurry.” The infinitive form is pronounced as “brus-kay.”
The word brusquer comes from the French word “brusque” which means “abrupt” or “rough.” It is most often used in everyday French to describe someone or something that is moving quickly or abruptly, often without care or gentleness.
In the Passé Antérieur tense, which is the literary past tense used to describe an action that happened before another action in the past, brusquer is used to describe an abrupt or sudden action or event that occurred.
Example 1: Il avait brusqué l’arrivée de son train et avait manqué son rendez-vous. (He had rushed the arrival of his train and had missed his appointment.)
Example 2: Elle avait brusqué son discours, ce qui l’avait rendu difficile à comprendre. (She had hurried her speech, which made it difficult to understand.)
Example 3: J’avais brusqué le démarrage de ma voiture et elle avait calé. (I had rushed the start of my car and it stalled.)
Table of the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of brusquer
|I had brusqued
|Tu eusses brusqué
|You had brusqued
|Il eût brusqué
|He had brusqued
|Elle eût brusqué
|She had brusqued
|On eût brusqué
|One had brusqued
|Nous eûmes brusqué
|We had brusqued
|Vous eûtes brusqué
|You had brusqued
|Ils eurent brusqué
|They had brusqued
|Elles eurent brusqué
|They had brusqued
Other Conjugations for Brusquer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer (this article)
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb brusquer
Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
Get a FREE Download Study Sheet of this Conjugation 🔥
Simply right click the image below, click “save image” and get your free reference for the brusquer Passé Antérieur tense conjugation!
Brusquer – About the French Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense
The French Passé Antérieur tense, often referred to as the “past anterior” in English, is a literary and formal past tense that is not commonly used in everyday spoken French. It is primarily found in written language, particularly in literature, historical texts, and formal writing. This tense is used to express actions that occurred before another action in the past, serving a similar purpose to the past perfect tense (passé composé) in English.
Formation of the Passé Antérieur
The Passé Antérieur is formed by using the third person singular of the passé simple (simple past) tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb.
The choice between “avoir” and “être” as the auxiliary verb depends on the main verb and its transitivity or intransitivity. Here is the basic structure:
1. For verbs that use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’eus (I had) + past participle (of the main verb)
2. For verbs that use “être” as the auxiliary verb:
– Je fus (I was) + past participle (of the main verb)
Common Usage Patterns
As mentioned earlier, the Passé Antérieur is primarily used in formal and literary contexts. It is rarely used in everyday spoken French, where the passé composé and imparfait are more commonly used to express past actions. Some common patterns of usage include:
The Passé Antérieur is frequently used in literature to describe past events in a succinct and formal manner.
It is used in historical narratives to recount past actions and events.
In formal and academic writing, the Passé Antérieur can be employed to convey events in the past with a sense of formality and precision.
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Passé Antérieur often interacts with other tenses, especially when narrating past events in a chronological order:
Passé Composé (Present Perfect)
The Passé Antérieur can be used to indicate an action that occurred before another action expressed in the passé composé. For example: “Il eut terminé son travail avant que je ne sois arrivé.” (He had finished his work before I arrived).
The Passé Antérieur may be used in conjunction with the imparfait to convey a sequence of past actions. For instance: “Elle arriva après que nous eûmes commencé.” (She arrived after we had started).
Futur Antérieur (Future Perfect)
In the context of storytelling or narration, the Passé Antérieur can be used to describe events that happened before a future action expressed in the futur antérieur. For example: “Il partira après qu’il aura fini.” (He will leave after he has finished).
Passé Antérieur is a formal past tense used in written language and literary contexts to describe actions that occurred before another action in the past. It is not commonly used in everyday spoken French where you should instead use the passé composé and imparfait for discussing past events.
I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb brusquer. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!