Introduction to the verb capsuler
Get the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) tense conjugation of capsuler. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb capsuler is “to encapsulate.” It is pronounced as “cap-soo-lay.” The infinitive form of capsuler is capsuler.
The language origin of capsuler comes from the French word “capsule,” meaning “a small container or covering.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Passé Antérieur tense, which is used to describe an action that occurred before another action in the past.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in the Passé Antérieur tense:
- J’ai capsulé le médicament avant de le prendre. (I had encapsulated the medication before taking it.)
- Elle avait déjà capsulé ses affaires avant de partir en vacances. (She had already packed her belongings before going on vacation.)
- Nous sommes arrivés après qu’ils eurent capsulé la bouteille. (We arrived after they had encapsulated the bottle.)
In these sentences, capsuler is used to indicate that the action of encapsulating occurred before another past action, such as taking medication, packing belongings, or arriving at a certain place.
Table of the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of capsuler
||I had capped
||Tu eusses capsulé
||You had capped
||Il eût capsulé
||He had capped
||Elle eût capsulé
||She had capped
||On eût capsulé
||One had capped
||Nous eûmes capsulé
||We had capped
||Vous eûtes capsulé
||You had capped
||Ils eurent capsulé
||They had capped
||Elles eurent capsulé
||They had capped
Other Conjugations for Capsuler.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler (this article)
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capsuler
Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
Get a FREE Download Study Sheet of this Conjugation 🔥
Simply right click the image below, click “save image” and get your free reference for the capsuler Passé Antérieur tense conjugation!
Capsuler – About the French Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense
The French Passé Antérieur tense, often referred to as the “past anterior” in English, is a literary and formal past tense that is not commonly used in everyday spoken French. It is primarily found in written language, particularly in literature, historical texts, and formal writing. This tense is used to express actions that occurred before another action in the past, serving a similar purpose to the past perfect tense (passé composé) in English.
Formation of the Passé Antérieur
The Passé Antérieur is formed by using the third person singular of the passé simple (simple past) tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb.
The choice between “avoir” and “être” as the auxiliary verb depends on the main verb and its transitivity or intransitivity. Here is the basic structure:
1. For verbs that use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’eus (I had) + past participle (of the main verb)
2. For verbs that use “être” as the auxiliary verb:
– Je fus (I was) + past participle (of the main verb)
Common Usage Patterns
As mentioned earlier, the Passé Antérieur is primarily used in formal and literary contexts. It is rarely used in everyday spoken French, where the passé composé and imparfait are more commonly used to express past actions. Some common patterns of usage include:
The Passé Antérieur is frequently used in literature to describe past events in a succinct and formal manner.
It is used in historical narratives to recount past actions and events.
In formal and academic writing, the Passé Antérieur can be employed to convey events in the past with a sense of formality and precision.
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Passé Antérieur often interacts with other tenses, especially when narrating past events in a chronological order:
Passé Composé (Present Perfect)
The Passé Antérieur can be used to indicate an action that occurred before another action expressed in the passé composé. For example: “Il eut terminé son travail avant que je ne sois arrivé.” (He had finished his work before I arrived).
The Passé Antérieur may be used in conjunction with the imparfait to convey a sequence of past actions. For instance: “Elle arriva après que nous eûmes commencé.” (She arrived after we had started).
Futur Antérieur (Future Perfect)
In the context of storytelling or narration, the Passé Antérieur can be used to describe events that happened before a future action expressed in the futur antérieur. For example: “Il partira après qu’il aura fini.” (He will leave after he has finished).
Passé Antérieur is a formal past tense used in written language and literary contexts to describe actions that occurred before another action in the past. It is not commonly used in everyday spoken French where you should instead use the passé composé and imparfait for discussing past events.
I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb capsuler. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!