Introduction to the verb commémorer
Get the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) tense conjugation of commémorer. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb commémorer is “to commemorate.” It is pronounced “koh-may-moh-ray” in its infinitive form.
The language origin of commémorer can be traced back to the Latin word “commemorare,” which means “to remember, to call to mind.” In everyday French, commémorer is most often used in its infinitive form or in the Passé Simple tense to describe the act of honoring or remembering an event or person.
Examples of commémorer in the Passé Antérieur tense:
- Les soldats ont commémoré le centenaire de la Première Guerre mondiale avec une cérémonie émouvante. (The soldiers commemorated the centenary of World War I with a moving ceremony.)
- Le maire avait commémoré la libération de la ville en déposant une gerbe de fleurs au monument aux morts. (The mayor had commemorated the liberation of the city by laying a wreath at the war memorial.)
- Les étudiants avaient commémoré la disparition de leur professeur bien-aimé en organisant une soirée en son honneur. (The students had commemorated the passing of their beloved teacher by organizing an evening in his honor.)
Table of the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of commémorer
|I had commemorated
|tu eus commémoré
|Tu eus commémoré
|You had commemorated
|il eut commémoré
|Il eut commémoré
|He had commemorated
|elle eut commémoré
|Elle eut commémoré
|She had commemorated
|on eut commémoré
|On eut commémoré
|One had commemorated
|nous eûmes commémoré
|Nous eûmes commémoré
|We had commemorated
|vous eûtes commémoré
|Vous eûtes commémoré
|You had commemorated
|ils eurent commémoré
|Ils eurent commémoré
|They had commemorated
|elles eurent commémoré
|Elles eurent commémoré
|They had commemorated
Other Conjugations for Commémorer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer (this article)
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb commémorer
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Commémorer – About the French Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense
The French Passé Antérieur tense, often referred to as the “past anterior” in English, is a literary and formal past tense that is not commonly used in everyday spoken French. It is primarily found in written language, particularly in literature, historical texts, and formal writing. This tense is used to express actions that occurred before another action in the past, serving a similar purpose to the past perfect tense (passé composé) in English.
Formation of the Passé Antérieur
The Passé Antérieur is formed by using the third person singular of the passé simple (simple past) tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb.
The choice between “avoir” and “être” as the auxiliary verb depends on the main verb and its transitivity or intransitivity. Here is the basic structure:
1. For verbs that use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’eus (I had) + past participle (of the main verb)
2. For verbs that use “être” as the auxiliary verb:
– Je fus (I was) + past participle (of the main verb)
Common Usage Patterns
As mentioned earlier, the Passé Antérieur is primarily used in formal and literary contexts. It is rarely used in everyday spoken French, where the passé composé and imparfait are more commonly used to express past actions. Some common patterns of usage include:
The Passé Antérieur is frequently used in literature to describe past events in a succinct and formal manner.
It is used in historical narratives to recount past actions and events.
In formal and academic writing, the Passé Antérieur can be employed to convey events in the past with a sense of formality and precision.
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Passé Antérieur often interacts with other tenses, especially when narrating past events in a chronological order:
Passé Composé (Present Perfect)
The Passé Antérieur can be used to indicate an action that occurred before another action expressed in the passé composé. For example: “Il eut terminé son travail avant que je ne sois arrivé.” (He had finished his work before I arrived).
The Passé Antérieur may be used in conjunction with the imparfait to convey a sequence of past actions. For instance: “Elle arriva après que nous eûmes commencé.” (She arrived after we had started).
Futur Antérieur (Future Perfect)
In the context of storytelling or narration, the Passé Antérieur can be used to describe events that happened before a future action expressed in the futur antérieur. For example: “Il partira après qu’il aura fini.” (He will leave after he has finished).
Passé Antérieur is a formal past tense used in written language and literary contexts to describe actions that occurred before another action in the past. It is not commonly used in everyday spoken French where you should instead use the passé composé and imparfait for discussing past events.
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