Introduction to the verb border
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The English translation of the French verb “border” is “to border” or “to edge.” It is pronounced as “bor-dé” in the infinitive form.
The word “border” comes from the Old French word “bordure,” which means “a border or edge.” It is derived from the Latin word “borda,” meaning “edge” or “side.” In everyday French, “border” is most often used in the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) tense to indicate an action that has been completed in the past. It is formed by using the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the present tense, followed by the past participle of “border,” which is “bordé.”
Three simple examples of “border” in the Passé Composé tense with their English translations are:
- J’ai bordé la nappe avant le dîner. (I edged the tablecloth before dinner.)
- Elle a bordé le tissu avec du ruban. (She bordered the fabric with ribbon.)
- Nous sommes bordés de fleurs dans le jardin. (We are bordered with flowers in the garden.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of border
|J’ai bordé le lit.
|I made the bed.
|Tu as bordé la taie d’oreiller.
|You put on the pillowcase.
|Il a bordé le chemin avec des fleurs.
|He lined the path with flowers.
|Elle a bordé son écharpe de fourrure.
|She bordered her scarf with fur.
|On a bordé la rivière avec des rochers.
|We lined the river with rocks.
|Nous avons bordé le chemin de cailloux.
|We lined the path with stones.
|Vous avez bordé le tissu avec des pompons.
|You trimmed the fabric with pompoms.
|Ils ont bordé le mur de cadres.
|They framed the wall with pictures.
|Elles ont bordé le lac avec des arbres.
|They bordered the lake with trees.
Other Conjugations for Border.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb border
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
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Border – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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