Introduction to the verb border
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The English translation of the French verb border is “to border”. It is pronounced “bor-dé” in its infinitive form.
The word “border” comes from the Old French word “bordure”, which means “edge” or “border”. It is most often used in everyday French to refer to the physical boundaries between two areas or countries.
In Futur Antérieur tense, border is used to express actions that will have been completed in the future before another future action takes place. Here are three examples of its usage in this tense, with their English translations:
- Je borderai la carte avant que tu n’arrives. (I will have bordered the map before you arrive.)
- Ils auront bordé les murs avant le début de la fête. (They will have bordered the walls before the start of the party.)
- Elle sera fatiguée car elle aura trop bordé de la rivière. (She will be tired because she will have bordered the river too much.)
Table of the Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of border
||J’aurai bordé le tissu.
||I will have edged the fabric.
||tu auras bordé
||Tu auras bordé la couverture.
||You will have bordered the blanket.
||il aura bordé
||Il aura bordé le colis.
||He will have bordered the package.
||elle aura bordé
||Elle aura bordé la carte.
||She will have bordered the card.
||on aura bordé
||On aura bordé la table.
||One/We will have bordered the table.
||nous aurons bordé
||Nous aurons bordé la vitrine.
||We will have bordered the showcase.
||vous aurez bordé
||Vous aurez bordé la photo.
||You will have bordered the photo.
||ils auront bordé
||Ils auront bordé le cadre.
||They will have bordered the frame.
||elles auront bordé
||Elles auront bordé l’affiche.
||They will have bordered the poster.
Other Conjugations for Border.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb border
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border (this article)
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb border
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Border – About the French Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense
The French futur antérieur tense is a compound tense used to express actions or events that will have occurred in the future before another action takes place. It is formed by using the future tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” (depending on the main verb) followed by the past participle of the main verb.
1. For most verbs, use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– Subject + future tense of “avoir” + past participle
Example with the verb “manger” (to eat):
– J’aurai mangé (I will have eaten)
– Tu auras mangé (You will have eaten)
– Il/elle/on aura mangé (He/She/One will have eaten)
– Nous aurons mangé (We will have eaten)
– Vous aurez mangé (You will have eaten)
– Ils/elles auront mangé (They will have eaten)
2. For a select group of verbs, use “être” as the auxiliary verb. These are typically verbs of motion or state-changing verbs (e.g., aller, venir, naître, mourir, partir, etc.). The formation is the same, but the auxiliary verb is “être.”
Example with the verb “partir” (to leave):
– Je serai parti(e) (I will have left)
– Tu seras parti(e) (You will have left)
– Il/elle/on sera parti(e) (He/She/One will have left)
– Nous serons parti(e)s (We will have left)
– Vous serez parti(e)(s) (You will have left)
– Ils/elles seront parti(e)s (They will have left)
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. The futur antérieur is used to express an action that will be completed before a specific point in the future. For example:
– Je partirai dès que j’aurai fini mon travail. (I will leave as soon as I have finished my work.)
– Ils seront rentrés avant que la pluie commence. (They will have returned before the rain starts.)
2. It is often used with time expressions that indicate when the action will occur relative to another future action, such as “dès que” (as soon as), “avant que” (before), “une fois que” (once), etc.
Interactions with Other Tenses
– The futur antérieur tense is commonly used in combination with the future simple (futur simple) and other tenses to indicate the sequence of actions in the future. The futur antérieur typically refers to the action that will have been completed before another action takes place.
– Quand tu auras terminé ton devoir, tu pourras sortir. (When you have finished your homework, you can go out.)
– J’irai te voir après que tu seras rentré. (I will visit you after you have returned.)
The futur antérieur tense is used to express completed actions in the future that will occur before another specified future action or event. It’s a crucial tense for describing the chronological order of events in French.
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