Introduction to the verb calmer
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The English translation of the French verb calmer is “to calm” or “to soothe.” The infinitive form of calmer is pronounced “ka(l)-me.”
Calmer comes from the Latin word “calmare” meaning “to make calm.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Passé Composé tense, which is formed with the auxiliary verb “avoir” and the past participle “calmé.”
Three simple examples of its usage in this tense, with their respective English translations, are:
- J’ai calmé le bébé avec une berceuse. (I calmed the baby with a lullaby.)
- Tu as calmé tes nerfs avant de leur parler? (Did you calm your nerves before talking to them?)
- Elle a calmé la foule en parlant avec douceur. (She calmed the crowd by speaking gently.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of calmer
||J’ai calmé le bébé.
||I calmed the baby.
||Tu as calmé tes nerfs.
||You calmed your nerves.
||Il a calmé la foule.
||He calmed the crowd.
||Elle a calmé son chien.
||She calmed her dog.
||On a calmé la situation.
||We calmed the situation.
||Nous avons calmé les enfants.
||We calmed the children.
||Vous avez calmé leur colère.
||You calmed their anger.
||Ils ont calmé la tempête.
||They calmed the storm.
||Elles ont calmé leurs pleurs.
||They calmed their tears.
Other Conjugations for Calmer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calmer
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Calmer – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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