Introduction to the verb captiver
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The English translation of the French verb captiver is “to captivate.” It is pronounced as [kap-tee-ve] in the infinitive form.
The word captiver comes from the Latin word “captivare,” meaning to capture or to seize. In everyday French, captiver is used in the Passé Composé (present perfect) tense to indicate an action that has been completed in the past.
- J’ai captivé le public avec mon discours. (I captivated the audience with my speech.)
- La beauté de son chant m’a captivé(e). (The beauty of her singing captivated me.)
- Le roman de cet auteur m’a captivé jusqu’à la dernière page. (The novel of this author captivated me until the last page.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of captiver
|J’ai captivé le public.
|I captivated the audience.
|Tu as captivé l’auditeur.
|You captivated the listener.
|Il a captivé son regard.
|He captivated her attention.
|Elle a captivé son esprit.
|She captivated his mind.
|On a captivé le spectateur.
|We captivated the viewer.
|Nous avons captivé les enfants.
|We captivated the children.
|Vous avez captivé le jury.
|You captivated the jury.
|Ils ont captivé leur public.
|They captivated their audience.
|Elles ont captivé leurs lecteurs.
|They captivated their readers.
Other Conjugations for Captiver.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb captiver
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Captiver – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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