Introduction to the verb doter
Get the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) tense conjugation of doter. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb doter is “to endow” or “to equip.” It is pronounced “doh-tay” in the infinitive form.
The word doter comes from the Latin word “dotare,” meaning “to provide with a dowry.” It evolved into the French language in the 12th century and has been used in various contexts since then.
In everyday French, the verb doter is most often used in the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) tense to indicate an action that has been completed in the past and has an effect in the present.
Here are three simple examples of doter in the Passé Composé tense with their English translations:
- J’ai doté mes enfants d’une bonne éducation. (I have endowed my children with a good education.)
- L’entreprise s’est dotée d’un nouveau système de gestion. (The company has equipped itself with a new management system.)
- La ville s’est dotée d’un nouvel hôpital. (The city has provided itself with a new hospital.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of doter
|J’ai doté mon équipe de nouveaux outils.
|I equipped my team with new tools.
|Tu as doté ta maison d’un système de sécurité.
|You equipped your house with a security system.
|Il a doté son entreprise d’un nouveau logo.
|He equipped his company with a new logo.
|Elle a doté sa cuisine d’un nouvel électroménager.
|She equipped her kitchen with new appliances.
|On a doté l’école de nouveaux ordinateurs.
|We equipped the school with new computers.
|Nous avons doté notre jardin d’une nouvelle fontaine.
|We equipped our garden with a new fountain.
|Vous avez doté votre voiture d’un système de navigation.
|You equipped your car with a navigation system.
|Ils ont doté leur équipe d’un nouvel entraîneur.
|They equipped their team with a new coach.
|Elles ont doté leur salon d’un nouveau canapé.
|They equipped their living room with a new sofa.
Other Conjugations for Doter.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doter
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Doter – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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