Introduction to the verb catéchiser
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The English translation of the French verb catéchiser is “to catechize” or “to instruct in the principles of Christianity.” It is pronounced as “ka-te-shee-zay” in the infinitive form.
The word catéchiser comes from the Greek word “katecheo” which means “to teach” or “to instruct.” It entered the French language in the 16th century through the Latin word “catechizare” which has the same meaning. In everyday French, the verb catéchiser is most often used in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which is the past perfect tense.
Examples of catéchiser in the Plus-que-parfait tense:
Nous avions catéchisé les enfants avant qu’ils ne reçoivent leur première communion. (We had catechized the children before they received their first communion.)
Vous aviez catéchisé les nouveaux convertis depuis plusieurs mois. (You had catechized the new converts for several months.)
Ils avaient catéchisé les étudiants avant leur confirmation. (They had catechized the students before their confirmation.)
In all of these sentences, the verb catéchiser is used to express an action that happened before another past action. The Plus-que-parfait tense is formed by using the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” in the Imparfait tense, followed by the past participle of the verb catéchiser. It is used to talk about completed actions that happened in the past.
In English, the Plus-que-parfait tense is equivalent to the past perfect tense. It is used in similar situations to express an action that happened before another past action. For example:
We had catechized the children before they received their first communion.
You had catechized the new converts for several months.
They had catechized the students before their confirmation.
Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of catéchiser
||J’avais catéchisé mes élèves.
||I had catechized my students.
||tu avais catéchisé
||Tu avais catéchisé ton enfant.
||You had catechized your child.
||il avait catéchisé
||Il avait catéchisé la classe.
||He had catechized the class.
||elle avait catéchisé
||Elle avait catéchisé son élève.
||She had catechized her pupil.
||on avait catéchisé
||On avait catéchisé les enfants.
||One had catechized the children.
||nous avions catéchisé
||Nous avions catéchisé les nouveaux.
||We had catechized the newcomers.
||vous aviez catéchisé
||Vous aviez catéchisé les fidèles.
||You had catechized the faithful.
||ils avaient catéchisé
||Ils avaient catéchisé les adultes.
||They had catechized the adults.
||elles avaient catéchisé
||Elles avaient catéchisé les convertis.
||They had catechized the converts.
Other Conjugations for Catéchiser.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser (this article)
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb catéchiser
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Catéchiser – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense
The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’avais mangé (I had eaten)
– Tu avais parlé (You had spoken)
– Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
– Nous avions lu (We had read)
– Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
– Ils/elles avaient joué (They had played)
2. With “être” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
– J’étais parti(e) (I had left)
– Tu étais arrivé(e) (You had arrived)
– Il/elle/on était tombé(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
– Nous étions resté(e)s (We had stayed)
– Vous étiez né(e)(s) (You had been born)
– Ils/elles étaient monté(e)s (They had gone up)
Common everyday usage patterns
Sequencing of past events
The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangé avant qu’il ne soit arrivé” (I had eaten before he arrived).
It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivé, ils avaient déjà fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).
Hypothetical or reported speech
In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).
Interactions with other tenses
– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passé composé (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passé composé describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi différemment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.
The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.
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