Introduction to the verb déferriser
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The English translation of the French verb déferriser is “to remove the shoes”, or more accurately, “to take off the horseshoes”. It is pronounced as “day-fair-ee-zay” in its infinitive form.
Déferriser comes from the combination of the prefix “dé-“, which means “to remove”, and the noun “ferrure”, meaning “shoeing” or “horseshoe”. It is mostly used in the context of horses, when they need to have their horseshoes removed and replaced. In everyday French, it is commonly used in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which expresses an action that was completed in the past before another action.
Here are three examples of déferriser used in the Plus-que-parfait tense:
- J’avais déferrisé le cheval avant de le mettre au pré. (I had taken off the horseshoes of the horse before putting him in the field.)
- Tu avais déferrisé tes chevaux avant la compétition? (Had you removed the horseshoes of your horses before the competition?)
- Les maréchaux-ferrants avaient déferrisé tous les chevaux du ranch la veille de la randonnée. (The farriers had taken off the horseshoes of all the horses on the ranch the day before the hike.)
In these examples, the verb déferriser is conjugated in the Plus-que-parfait tense to show that the action of removing the horseshoes was completed before another past action (putting the horse in the field, the competition or the hike).
Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of déferriser
|J’avais déferrisé mes chevaux.
|I had taken off the shoes of my horses.
|tu avais déferrisé
|Tu avais déferrisé ton vélo.
|You had taken off the training wheels of your bike.
|il avait déferrisé
|Il avait déferrisé le bateau.
|He had removed the shoes from the boat.
|elle avait déferrisé
|Elle avait déferrisé sa voiture.
|She had taken off the snow chains from her car.
|on avait déferrisé
|On avait déferrisé le chariot.
|One had removed the wheels from the cart.
|nous avions déferrisé
|Nous avions déferrisé les animaux.
|We had taken off the horseshoes from the animals.
|vous aviez déferrisé
|Vous aviez déferrisé le tracteur.
|You had removed the wheels of the tractor.
|ils avaient déferrisé
|Ils avaient déferrisé le camion.
|They had taken off the tires from the truck.
|elles avaient déferrisé
|Elles avaient déferrisé la moto.
|They had taken off the wheels from the motorcycle.
Other Conjugations for Déferriser.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser (this article)
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb déferriser
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Déferriser – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense
The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’avais mangé (I had eaten)
– Tu avais parlé (You had spoken)
– Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
– Nous avions lu (We had read)
– Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
– Ils/elles avaient joué (They had played)
2. With “être” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
– J’étais parti(e) (I had left)
– Tu étais arrivé(e) (You had arrived)
– Il/elle/on était tombé(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
– Nous étions resté(e)s (We had stayed)
– Vous étiez né(e)(s) (You had been born)
– Ils/elles étaient monté(e)s (They had gone up)
Common everyday usage patterns
Sequencing of past events
The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangé avant qu’il ne soit arrivé” (I had eaten before he arrived).
It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivé, ils avaient déjà fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).
Hypothetical or reported speech
In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).
Interactions with other tenses
– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passé composé (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passé composé describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi différemment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.
The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.
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