Introduction to the verb caporaliser
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The English translation of the French verb caporaliser is “to boss around” or “to act like a boss.” It is pronounced as “kah-po-rah-lee-zay” in its infinitive form.
The word caporaliser comes from the French word “caporal,” which means “corporal.” In everyday French, it is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense to express a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past.
Here are three examples of its usage in this tense, with their English translations:
- Il fallait que je caporalise mes subordonnés pour qu’ils fassent leur travail correctement. (I had to boss around my subordinates so that they would do their work correctly.)
- J’aurais aimé que tu ne me caporalises pas pendant notre voyage en famille. (I wish you hadn’t bossed me around during our family trip.)
- Il semblait que le nouvel employé ne se laissait pas caporaliser par ses collègues. (It seemed that the new employee was not letting his colleagues boss him around.)
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of caporaliser
||Je serais content si je caporalisasse mes collègues.
||I would be happy if I bossed around my colleagues.
||Si tu caporalisasses tes amis, ils seraient fâchés.
||If you bossed your friends around, they would be angry.
||Il serait surpris si il caporalisât ses parents.
||He would be surprised if he bossed his parents around.
||Elle serait fière si elle caporalisât son équipe.
||She would be proud if she bossed her team around.
||Si on caporalisât plus souvent, on aurait des problèmes.
||If one bossed around more often, one would have problems.
||Si nous caporalisassions nos voisins, ils se plaindraient.
||If we bossed around our neighbors, they would complain.
||Si vous caporalisassiez moins, vous seriez plus aimables.
||If you bossed around less, you would be more likeable.
||S’ils caporalisassent leurs subalternes, il y aurait une rébellion.
||If they bossed around their subordinates, there would be a rebellion.
||Si elles caporalisassent leurs enfants, ça serait un chaos.
||If they bossed around their children, it would be chaos.
Other Conjugations for Caporaliser.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caporaliser
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Caporaliser – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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