Introduction to the verb chiper
Get the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) tense conjugation of chiper. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb chiper is “to steal.” It is pronounced “shee-pay.”
The word chiper comes from the Old French word “eschipper” meaning “to escape” or “to go away.” Over time, its meaning evolved to refer specifically to the act of stealing.
In everyday French, chiper is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense to express a desire, wish, or possibility in the past. It is often used in conjunction with the conditional tense to express a hypothetical situation.
Here are three examples of chiper in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense with their English translations:
- J’aurais aimé que tu chipes un peu de pain pour le pique-nique. (I would have liked for you to steal some bread for the picnic.)
- Il fallait que tu chipes les clés de la voiture pour partir. (You needed to steal the car keys to leave.)
- Nous aurions pu être riches si nous avions chipé cette bague en diamant. (We could have been rich if we had stolen that diamond ring.)
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of chiper
||Avant, je chipasse souvent.
||Before, I used to steal often.
||Si tu chipasses moins, tu serais moins souvent puni.
||If you stole less, you wouldn’t be punished as often.
||Il n’aimait pas quand il chipât.
||He didn’t like it when he stole.
||Elle chipât discrètement.
||She stole discreetly.
||Si on chipât plus souvent, on serait arrêté.
||If one stole more often, one would get caught.
||Si nous chipassions ensemble, nous serions meilleurs.
||If we stole together, we would be better.
||Si vous ne chipassiez pas, vous ne seriez pas punis.
||If you didn’t steal, you wouldn’t be punished.
||S’ils chipassent aussi, ils seraient considérés comme des voleurs.
||If they stole as well, they would be considered thieves.
||Si elles chipassent mieux, elles réussiraient mieux.
||If they stole better, they would succeed better.
Other Conjugations for Chiper.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chiper
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Chiper – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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