Introduction to the verb convulser
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The English translation of the French verb convulser is “to convulse/to shake/to spasm”. The infinitive form is pronounced “kawn-vool-seh”.
The word convulser comes from the Latin word “convulsus”, meaning “to shake violently”. In everyday French, it is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which is used to express a hypothetical or uncertain action or situation in the past.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, with their respective English translations:
- Il fallait que je convulsasse de douleur. (I had to convulse with pain.)
- Si tu avais vu la scène, tu convulsais sûrement de rire. (If you had seen the scene, you would surely have convulsed with laughter.)
- Je craignais qu’elle ne convulsât encore une fois. (I was afraid she would convulse again.)
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of convulser
||Si j’avais froid, je convulsasse tout le temps.
||If I was cold, I would convulse all the time.
||Tu aurais peur si tu convulsasses autant.
||You would be scared if you convulsed that much.
||S’il avait trop d’énergie, il convulsât souvent.
||If he had too much energy, he would convulse often.
||Elle aurait des crampes si elle convulsât plus.
||She would have cramps if she convulsed more.
||Si on convulsât moins, on sentirait mieux.
||If one convulsed less, one would feel better.
||Si nous convulsassions ensemble, nous serions désordonnés.
||If we convulsed together, we would be messy.
||Si vous convulsassiez plus fort, vous auriez mal.
||If you convulsed louder, you would be in pain.
||S’ils convulsassent plus longtemps, ils s’épuiseraient.
||If they convulsed longer, they would get tired.
||Si elles convulsassent ensemble, ça serait dangereux.
||If they convulsed together, it would be dangerous.
Other Conjugations for Convulser.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convulser
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Convulser – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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