Introduction to the verb cranter
Get the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) tense conjugation of cranter. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb cranter is “to notch” or “to indent.” It is pronounced as [kʁɑ̃.te] in its infinitive form.
The language origin of cranter is from the Old French word “crante,” meaning “notched,” which comes from the Latin word “cramum,” meaning “notch.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which is a verb tense used to express a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past.
Here are three simple examples of cranter in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, with their respective English translations:
- Il fallait que je cranter le papier pour le plier. (I had to notch the paper to fold it.)
- Si tu m’avais demandé, je t’aurais cranter les clés. (If you had asked me, I would have notched the keys for you.)
- Elle souhaitait que je cranter les bords du gâteau pour la décoration. (She wished for me to notch the edges of the cake for decoration.)
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of cranter
|Si j’avais peur, je craignisse de dormir.
|If I were afraid, I would be afraid to sleep.
|Si tu avais été là, tu craignisses de partir.
|If you had been there, you would be afraid to leave.
|Il serait surpris si il craignît de tomber.
|He would be surprised if he were afraid to fall.
|Elle serait ennuyée si elle craignît de s’ennuyer.
|She would be annoyed if she were afraid of being bored.
|Si on craignît la nuit, on dormirait mal.
|If one were afraid of the night, one would sleep poorly.
|Si nous craignissions les araignées, nous ne les approcherions pas.
|If we were afraid of spiders, we wouldn’t approach them.
|Si vous craignissiez le danger, vous prendriez plus de précautions.
|If you were afraid of danger, you would take more precautions.
|S’ils craignissent de se tromper, ils ne prendraient aucun risque.
|If they were afraid of making mistakes, they wouldn’t take any risks.
|Si elles craignissent de paraître stupides, elles n’oseraient pas poser des questions.
|If they were afraid of looking foolish, they wouldn’t dare ask questions.
Other Conjugations for Cranter.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cranter
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Cranter – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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