Introduction to the verb diviser
Get the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) tense conjugation of diviser. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb diviser is “to divide.” The infinitive form of diviser is pronounced “dee-vee-zay.”
The word diviser comes from the Latin word “dividere,” meaning “to separate” or “to divide.” It entered the French language in the 12th century and is derived from the Old French word “divise,” meaning “divide, separate.”
In everyday French, diviser is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense to express a possibility or hypothetical situation in the past. It is often used after the conjunction “si” (if) to express a condition.
Here are three examples of diviser used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense:
Si j’étais plus riche, je diviser ais mes biens entre mes enfants. (If I were richer, I would divide my possessions among my children.)
Il fallait que tu diviser es tes efforts entre tes études et ton travail. (You had to divide your efforts between your studies and your work.)
Nous voulions que vous diviser ie z vos tâches afin de terminer plus tôt. (We wanted you to divide your tasks in order to finish earlier.)
If I were richer, I would divide my possessions among my children.
You had to divide your efforts between your studies and your work.
We wanted you to divide your tasks in order to finish earlier.
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of diviser
|Si je savais mieux, je divisasse plus rapidement.
|If I knew better, I would divide more quickly.
|Si tu avais des conseils, tu divisasses mieux.
|If you had advice, you would divide better.
|Il serait fier si il divisât équitablement.
|He would be proud if he divided fairly.
|Elle serait furieuse si elle divisât injustement.
|She would be furious if she divided unfairly.
|Si on divisât équitablement, on éviterait les conflits.
|If one divided fairly, one would avoid conflicts.
|Si nous divisassions équitablement, nous aurions des résultats plus justes.
|If we divided fairly, we would have more just results.
|Si vous divisassiez plus efficacement, vous économiseriez du temps.
|If you divided more efficiently, you would save time.
|S’ils travaillaient ensemble, ils divisassent équitablement.
|If they worked together, they would divide fairly.
|Si elles divisassent équitablement, les tâches seraient finies plus rapidement.
|If they divided fairly, the tasks would be finished more quickly.
Other Conjugations for Diviser.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb diviser
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Diviser – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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