Introduction to the verb contre-miner
Get the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) tense conjugation of contre-miner. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb contre-miner is “to counter-mine.” The infinitive form is pronounced as “kohn-truh-mee-nay.”
The language origin of contre-miner comes from the prefix “contre,” meaning “against,” and the verb “miner,” meaning “to mine.” It is often used in everyday French to describe the act of undermining or sabotaging someone or something in a secretive or covert manner.
In the Subjonctif Passé tense, contre-miner is used to express a hypothetical or uncertain action that has already taken place in the past. Some common phrases that are used in this tense include “il est possible que” (it is possible that) and “il se peut que” (it may be that).
Three simple examples of contre-miner in the Subjonctif Passé tense are:
- Il est possible que le gouvernement ait contre-miné les efforts de l’opposition. (It is possible that the government undermined the efforts of the opposition.)
- Il se peut que notre concurrent ait contre-miné nos ventes en baissant ses prix. (It may be that our competitor sabotaged our sales by lowering their prices.)
- Nous craignons que notre ennemi n’ait contre-miné nos plans depuis le début. (We fear that our enemy has been undermining our plans from the beginning.)
Table of the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of contre-miner
|Je doute que j’aie contremine.
|I doubt that I counter-mined.
|Il faut que tu aies contremine.
|You must have counter-mined.
|Il est possible qu’il ait contremine.
|It’s possible he counter-mined.
|Elle craint qu’elle ait contremine.
|She fears she counter-mined.
|On veut qu’on ait contremine.
|We want it to have been counter-mined.
|Espérons que nous ayons contremine.
|Let’s hope we counter-mined.
|Il est important que vous ayez contremine.
|It’s important that you counter-mined.
|Ils doutent qu’ils aient contremine.
|They doubt they counter-mined.
|Elles préfèrent qu’elles aient contremine.
|They prefer they counter-mined.
Other Conjugations for Contre-Miner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner (this article)
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb contre-miner
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Contre-Miner – About the French Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense
The French Subjonctif Passé is a verb tense used to express actions or states that are uncertain, hypothetical, or dependent on some condition in the past. It’s often used in conjunction with the main verb in the present or future tense to convey various nuances of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion.
Formation of the Subjonctif Passé
To form the Subjonctif Passé, you generally need to start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the passé composé (a compound past tense). Then, drop the subject and replace it with the appropriate Subjonctif endings. The endings are the same for regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs:
– For -er verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
– For -ir verbs: -isse, -isses, -ît, -issions, -issiez, -issent
– For -re verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
For example, if you have the verb “parler” (to speak) in the third person plural passé composé, which is “ils ont parlé” (they spoke), the Subjonctif Passé form would be “qu’ils aient parlé” (that they spoke).
Everyday Usage Patterns
The Subjonctif Passé is commonly used in various situations:
– Expressing doubt or uncertainty: It’s used when you’re not certain about the completion of an action in the past. For example, “Je doute qu’il ait mangé” (I doubt that he ate).
– Desires and preferences: When you want or wish for something to have happened in the past. For instance, “Je préfère que tu aies réussi” (I prefer that you have succeeded).
– Expressing emotions: To convey emotions or feelings related to past actions or events. For example, “Il est content que nous ayons gagné” (He is happy that we won).
– Hypothetical situations: When discussing hypothetical or unreal past situations. For example, “Si j’avais su, j’aurais souhaité qu’ils aient été là” (If I had known, I would have wished they had been there).
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Passé often interacts with other tenses to convey specific meanings:
It’s commonly used after expressions of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion in the present. For example, “Il faut que tu aies fini” (You must have finished).
It’s used in the future for hypothetical or unreal actions in the past when the main clause is in the future. For example, “Je douterai qu’ils aient terminé demain” (I will doubt that they have finished tomorrow).
When the main clause is in the conditional, the Subjonctif Passé can be used to express unreal or hypothetical actions in the past. For instance, “Il voudrait que nous ayons réussi” (He would like us to have succeeded).
The Subjonctif Passé is a versatile tense used in French to convey uncertainty, doubt, desire, or hypothetical situations related to past actions. It is used in various everyday contexts and interacts with other tenses to express specific nuances in the language.
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