Introduction to the verb cartelliser
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The English translation of the French verb cartelliser is “to cartel” or “to collude.” It is pronounced as “kar-tel-ee-zay” in its infinitive form.
The word “cartelliser” comes from the noun “cartel,” which originated from the Italian word “cartello” meaning “a charter.” In French, a “cartel” is a group of companies or organizations that work together to control prices and limit competition. Therefore, the verb “cartelliser” means to form a cartel or collude with others for economic gain.
In everyday French, “cartelliser” is most often used in the Conditionnel Passé tense to express a hypothetical or past action or event. It is commonly used in business or economic contexts to talk about companies or organizations colluding with each other.
Si nous avions cartellisé avec nos concurrents, nous aurions pu fixer des prix plus élevés.
(If we had colluded with our competitors, we could have set higher prices.)
Elle aurait dû se méfier de ses partenaires qui ont cartellisé pour obtenir un avantage sur le marché.
(She should have been wary of her partners who colluded to gain an advantage in the market.)
S’ils avaient cartellisé avec les fournisseurs, ils auraient pu obtenir des réductions de prix importantes.
(If they had colluded with the suppliers, they could have obtained significant price reductions.)
In all of these examples, the verb “cartelliser” is used in the past tense to talk about a hypothetical or imagined situation. The Conditionnel Passé tense indicates that the action did not actually happen, but it is being discussed as a possibility or potential outcome.
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of cartelliser
||Si j’avais pu, je t’aurais cartellisé.
||I would have cartellised you if I could.
||Tu aurais cartellisé plus tôt.
||You would have cartellised earlier.
||Il aurait cartellisé sa part.
||He would have cartellised his share.
||Elle aurait cartellisé l’entreprise.
||She would have cartellised the company.
||On aurait cartellisé tous les secteurs.
||One would have cartellised all the sectors.
||Nous aurions cartellisé ensemble.
||We would have cartellised together.
||Vous auriez cartellisé avec eux.
||You would have cartellised with them.
||Ils auraient cartellisé le marché.
||They would have cartellised the market.
||Elles auraient cartellisé leurs produits.
||They (female) would have cartellised their products.
Other Conjugations for Cartelliser.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cartelliser
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Cartelliser – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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