Introduction to the verb cajoler
Get the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) tense conjugation of cajoler. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb cajoler is “to cajole” or “to coax.” It is pronounced “kah-zho-lay.”
The word cajoler comes from the French word “cajole,” meaning “to flatter.” It first appeared in the French language in the 17th century and is derived from the Latin word “callere,” meaning “to deceive.” In everyday French, cajoler is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which expresses a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past.
Examples of cajoler in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense with English translations are:
- Je préférais que tu me cajoles plutôt que de me critiquer. (I would prefer that you cajole me rather than criticize me.)
- Il fallait que je le cajole pour qu’il accepte de sortir avec moi. (I had to cajole him so he would agree to go out with me.)
- Nous souhaitions que nos parents nous cajolent plus souvent. (We wished our parents would cajole us more often.)
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of cajoler
||Si j’avais un chien, je cajolasse avec lui.
||If I had a dog, I would cajole with him.
||Si tu me demandais, je te cajolasses.
||If you asked me, I would cajole you.
||Il serait heureux si il cajolât sa femme.
||He would be happy if he cajoled his wife.
||Elle serait ravie si elle cajolât son bébé.
||She would be delighted if she cajoled her baby.
||Si on cajolât le chat, il serait plus calme.
||If one cajoled the cat, he would be calmer.
||Si nous cajolassions plus, nous serions plus proches.
||If we cajoled more, we would be closer.
||Si vous cajolassiez votre enfant, il se calmerait.
||If you cajoled your child, he would calm down.
||Si ils cajolassent leurs animaux, ils seraient plus heureux.
||If they cajoled their animals, they would be happier.
||Si elles cajolassent leurs petits-enfants, ils seraient gâtés.
||If they cajoled their grandchildren, they would be spoiled.
Other Conjugations for Cajoler.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cajoler
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Cajoler – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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