Introduction to the verb casemater
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The English translation of the French verb casemater is “to checkmate.” The infinitive form is pronounced “kahz-mah-tay.”
The word casemater comes from the French noun “coup,” meaning “blow” or “strike,” and the verb “mat,” meaning “to checkmate.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Conditionnel Passé tense, which is used to express a hypothetical or future event that would have happened in the past.
Three simple examples of casemater in the Conditionnel Passé tense are:
Si j’avais joué mon cavalier à cet endroit, j’aurais casemater ton roi. (If I had played my knight in this spot, I would have checkmated your king.)
Tu aurais dû protéger ta reine, sinon je t’aurais casematé en trois coups. (You should have protected your queen, otherwise I would have checkmated you in three moves.)
Si elle avait joué plus prudemment, elle n’aurait pas été casematée si rapidement. (If she had played more cautiously, she wouldn’t have been checkmated so quickly.)
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of casemater
||Si j’avais su, je t’aurais casematé.
||I would have case-mated with you.
||Tu aurais casematé plus tôt.
||You would have case-mated earlier.
||Il aurait casematé avec ses collègues.
||He would have case-mated with his colleagues.
||Elle aurait casematé avec sa copine.
||She would have case-mated with her friend.
||On aurait casematé au bar.
||One would have case-mated at the bar.
||Nous aurions casematé en vacances.
||We would have case-mated on vacation.
||Vous auriez casematé avec eux.
||You would have case-mated with them.
||Ils auraient casematé ensemble.
||They would have case-mated together.
||Elles auraient casematé entre elles.
||They (female) would have case-mated with each other.
Other Conjugations for Casemater.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
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Casemater – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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