Introduction to the verb casemater
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The English translation of the French verb casemater is “to checkmate.” It is pronounced as “kahz-mah-teh.”
Casemater comes from the Latin word “causa,” meaning “cause,” and the Middle French word “mat,” meaning “checkmate.” It is most commonly used in everyday French as a verb in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which is used to express a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past.
Three examples of its usage in this tense are:
- Il fallait que je le casemat. (I had to checkmate him.)
- Je doutais qu’il casemat la reine. (I doubted that he would checkmate the queen.)
- Il était possible que nous le casemations avant la fin du jeu. (It was possible that we would checkmate him before the end of the game.)
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of casemater
||Je doute qu’il me casematasse.
||I doubt he would outsmart me.
||Tu crains qu’il casematasses.
||You fear he would outsmart you.
||Il espère qu’elle le casematât.
||He hopes she would outsmart him.
||Elle m’admirait qu’elle le casematât encore.
||She admired me for still outsmarting him.
||On exigeait qu’on le casematât avec les autres.
||They demanded that we outsmart him with the others.
||Nous désirions qu’on nous casematassions.
||We wished we were outsmarted.
||Vous deviez qu’on vous casematassiez.
||You should have outsmarted them.
||Ils ne croient pas qu’on les casematassent.
||They don’t believe they would be outsmarted.
||Elles acceptent qu’on les casematassent.
||They accept the fact that they would be outsmarted.
Other Conjugations for Casemater.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb casemater
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Casemater – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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