Introduction to the verb comprimer
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The English translation of the French verb comprimer is “to compress” or “to squeeze.” It is pronounced “koh-pree-may.”
The word comprimer comes from the Latin word “comprimere,” meaning “to press together.” In everyday French, it is most often used in the Conditionnel Passé tense, which roughly translates to the past conditional tense in English. This tense is used to express a hypothetical or uncertain action that would have happened in the past.
Here are three examples of comprimer being used in the Conditionnel Passé tense, with the respective English translations:
- Si j’avais comprimé cette bouteille, elle n’aurait pas éclaté. – If I had compressed this bottle, it wouldn’t have burst.
- Nous aurions dû comprimer nos dépenses pour économiser de l’argent. – We should have compressed our expenses to save money.
- Tu aurais dû me dire qu’il fallait comprimer le bouton pour allumer la lampe. – You should have told me that I needed to press the button to turn on the lamp.
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of comprimer
||Si j’avais su, je t’aurais comprimé.
||I would have compressed you.
||Tu aurais comprimé plus tôt.
||You would have compressed earlier.
||Il aurait comprimé la boîte.
||He would have compressed the box.
||Elle aurait comprimé ses affaires.
||She would have compressed her belongings.
||On aurait comprimé le fichier.
||One would have compressed the file.
||Nous aurions comprimé les données.
||We would have compressed the data.
||Vous auriez comprimé le document.
||You would have compressed the document.
||Ils auraient comprimé les médicaments.
||They would have compressed the medications.
||Elles auraient comprimé leurs bagages.
||They (female) would have compressed their luggage.
Other Conjugations for Comprimer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
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Comprimer – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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