Introduction to the verb comprimer
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The English translation of the French verb comprimer is “to compress” or “to press down.” It is pronounced as “kom-pree-may” in its infinitive form.
The word comprimer comes from the Latin word “compressus,” which means “to press together.” It is a regular -er verb in French and is most often used in everyday language to describe the action of pressing or squeezing something.
In the Passé Composé tense, which is the French equivalent of the Present Perfect tense in English, comprimer is conjugated with the auxiliary verb avoir and the past participle comprimé. It is used to talk about a specific action that has been completed in the past.
Here are three simple examples of how comprimer is used in the Passé Composé tense, with their English translations:
J’ai comprimé le bouton pour lancer le programme. (I pressed the button to launch the program.)
Elle a comprimé son linge pour le faire tenir dans sa valise. (She compressed her clothes to make them fit in her suitcase.)
Nous avons comprimé les feuilles pour en faire un livre. (We compressed the pages to make a book.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of comprimer
||J’ai comprimé la pilule.
||I compressed the pill.
||Tu as comprimé la boîte.
||You compressed the box.
||Il a comprimé le papier.
||He compressed the paper.
||Elle a comprimé la pâte.
||She compressed the dough.
||On a comprimé le gaz.
||We compressed the gas.
||Nous avons comprimé le fichier.
||We compressed the file.
||Vous avez comprimé le tuyau.
||You compressed the pipe.
||Ils ont comprimé le ressort.
||They compressed the spring.
||Elles ont comprimé le médicament.
||They compressed the medicine.
Other Conjugations for Comprimer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb comprimer
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Comprimer – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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